Standard: NFPA 54


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This code is a safety code that shall apply to the installation of fuel gas piping systems, appliances, equipment, and related accessories as shown in through

(A)* Coverage of piping systems shall extend from the point of delivery to the appliance connections. For other than undiluted liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) systems, the point of delivery shall be the outlet of the service meter assembly or the outlet of the service regulator or service shutoff valve where no meter is provided. For undiluted LP-Gas systems, the point of delivery shall be considered to be the outlet of the final pressure regulator, exclusive of line gas regulators where no meter is installed. Where a meter is installed, the point of delivery shall be the outlet of the meter.

(B) The maximum operating pressure shall be 125 psi (862 kPa).

Exception No. 1: Piping systems for gas–air mixtures within the flammable range are limited to a maximum pressure of 10 psi (69 kPa). Exception No. 2: LP-Gas piping systems are limited to 20 psi (140 kPa), except as provided in 5.5.1(6).

(C) Requirements for piping systems shall include design, materials, components, fabrication, assembly, installation, testing, inspection, operation, and maintenance.

(D) Requirements for appliances, equipment, and related accessories shall include installation, combustion, and ventilation air and venting.

This code shall not apply to the following items (reference standards for some of which appear in Annex K):

(1) Portable LP-Gas appliances and equipment of all types that are not connected to a fixed fuel piping system

(2) Installation of appliances such as brooders, dehydrators, dryers, and irrigation equipment used for agricultural purposes

(3) Raw material (feedstock) applications except for piping to special atmosphere generators

(4) Oxygen–fuel gas cutting and welding systems

(5) Industrial gas applications using such gases as acetylene and acetylenic compounds, hydrogen, ammonia, carbon monoxide, oxygen, and nitrogen

(6) Petroleum refineries, pipeline compressor or pumping stations, loading terminals, compounding plants, refinery tank farms, and natural gas processing plants

(7) Large integrated chemical plants or portions of such plants where flammable or combustible liquids or gases are produced by chemical reactions or used in chemical reactions

(8) LP-Gas installations at utility gas plants

(9) Liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations

(10) Fuel gas piping in electric utility power plants

(11) Proprietary items of equipment, apparatus, or instruments such as gas generating sets, compressors, and calorimeters

(12) LP-Gas equipment for vaporization, gas mixing, and gas manufacturing

(13) LP-Gas piping for buildings under construction or renovations that is not to become part of the permanent building piping system—that is, temporary fixed piping for building heat

(14) Installation of LP-Gas systems for railroad switch heating

(15) Installation of LP-Gas and compressed natural gas (CNG) systems on vehicles

(16) Gas piping, meters, gas pressure regulators, and other appurtenances used by the serving gas supplier in distribution of gas, other than undiluted LP-Gas

(17) Building design and construction, except as specified herein

(18) Fuel gas systems on recreational vehicles manufactured in accordance with NFPA 1192, Standard on Recreational Vehicles

(19) Fuel gas systems using hydrogen as a fuel

(20) Construction of appliances

Other Standards. In applying this code, reference shall also be made to the manufacturers' instructions and the serving gas supplier regulations.

Purpose. (Reserved)

Retroactivity. Unless otherwise stated, the provisions of this code shall not be applied retroactively to existing systems that were in compliance with the provisions of the code in effect at the time of installation. 

Equivalency. The provisions of this code are not intended to prevent the use of any material, method of construction, or installation procedure not specifically prescribed by this code, provided any such alternative is acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction. The authority having jurisdiction shall require that sufficient evidence be submitted to substantiate any claims made regarding the safety of such alternatives. 

Enforcement. This code shall be administered and enforced by the authority having jurisdiction designated by the governing authority.

Organization: National Fire Protection Association
Document Number: nfpa 54
Publish Date: 2015-01-01
Page Count: 176
Available Languages: EN
DOD Adopted: NO
ANSI Approved: YES
Most Recent Revision: YES
Current Version: YES
Status: Active

Document History

Document # Change Type Update Date Revision Status
NFPA 54 Change Type: STCH Update Date: 2012-01-01 Revision: 12 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: TIA3 Revision: 09 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: TIA3 Update Date: 2010-08-05 Revision: 09 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: Update Date: 2009-01-01 Revision: 09 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: Update Date: 2005-08-18 Revision: 06 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: ERTA Update Date: 2002-07-19 Revision: 02 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: ERTA Revision: 02 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: TIA Revision: 02 Status: INAC
NFPA 54 Change Type: Update Date: 2002-07-19 Revision: 02 Status: INAC
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