Standard: API 26-60069

AIR QUALITY MONOGRAPHS MONOGRAPH #75-22 TIN

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INTRODUCTION

Tin is one of the earliest metals known to mankind. Its use began between 3200 and 3500 B.C. Bronze articles from Ur dated about 3500 B.C. have a tin content between 10 and 15%. The Phoenicians are believed to have played an important part in spreading the early bronze culture by trading in tin which they obtained in the British Isles and Spain. Pliny in A.D. 79 described an alloy of lead and tin, and the Romans are known to have used tinned copper vessels, although the first tinned iron sheets did not appear until the 14th or 15th century in Bohemia.

More recently tin containing alloys have made very significant contributions in a number of cultural and economic spheres e.g. telecommunications (solder), transportation and fast machinery (bearing metal), architecture (bronze), music (bells and organ pipes) and food preservation (tinplate).

Compared with other metals, the tonnage of tin mined annually is small and seldom exceeds 200,000 tons [1]. Malaysia, Bolivia, Thailand, Indonesia, Congo and china are the most important tin-producing areas accounting for 90% of the world"s production. No workable deposits have been found in the U.S.

Organization: American Petroleum Institute
Document Number: api 26-60069
Page Count: 22
Available Languages: EN
DOD Adopted: NO
ANSI Approved: NO
Most Recent Revision: YES
Current Version: NO
Status: Inactive
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