Standard: LIA/LASER - LIA - ANSI Z136.3

SAFE USE OF LASERS IN HEALTH CARE

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Scope:

This standard provides guidance for the safe use of lasers in health care. Specific processes are provided to protect anyone who might become exposed to laser radiation and to assist in establishing a program that promotes the safe use of health care lasers. The scope of this standard includes all circumstances when people may be exposed to a laser used in health care applications where:

1) Laser systems as medical devices are used for diagnosis of disease, or for preventive, aesthetic, or therapeutic purposes

2) Bodily structure or function is altered, or symptoms are relieved

3) Any application where a laser is applied by people for health care purposes

This standard applies to any location where a health care laser system (HCLS) is being used as a medical device, including hospital facilities, non-hospital facilities, outpatient facilities, individual medical, dental and veterinarian offices, and non-medical locations, such as salons and spas. Laser radiation as defined herein refers to the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum and should not be confused with ionizing radiation.

A laser used in these applications is incorporated into an apparatus that includes:

1) A delivery system to direct the output of the laser

2) A power supply with laser control and calibration functions

3) Mechanical housing with interlocks

4) Associated liquids and gases if required for the operation of the laser

This standard pertains to the safe use of the entire apparatus, which is referred to as an HCLS. This standard is intended for use by all people associated with the application, installation, operation, calibration, and maintenance and service of an HCLS and anyone who might be exposed to lasers being used as medical devices for health care applications.

This standard recognizes the need for employers to provide proper laser safety policies and procedures and training in safe laser use for health care applications, in order for their personnel to be responsible in laser use. In this standard, the principal hazard control rests with the laser user whose responsibility is to know and follow the guidelines stated in this standard.

This standard includes engineering, procedural and administrative controls, and laser safety training necessary for the safety of people who may be exposed. These controls are based upon: evaluation of potential hazards from laser radiation; unique problems related to hospitals and operating rooms (ORs) and non-hospital settings such as outpatient clinics, mobile laser units, individual medical, dental and veterinarian offices, and any location where an HCLS is being used such as salons and spas. The control measures of this standard apply to all locations where laser radiation is applied for health care applications.

Suggestions for safe use of specific types of HCLSs, as well as their use in various disciplines, specialties and subspecialties are included in the Appendixes.

The Federal Laser Product Performance Standard (FLPPS) for laser products, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)1, requires that the operating manuals for HCLSs contain adequate instructions for assembly, calibration (Class 3 and Class 4 laser products), operation and maintenance, including necessary precautions to avoid possible exposure to hazardous levels of laser and/or collateral radiation (see Appendix G). Users of HCLSs should obtain information from the operator's manual or obtain written information from the manufacturer on suitable laser protective eyewear (LPE), the nominal hazard zone (NHZ), calibration procedures, or adequate instructions for safe use. If the manufacturer's labeling safety information does not exist and cannot be obtained from the manufacturer or the distributor of the laser system, the laser safety officer (LSO) shall provide safety instructions, which shall be incorporated into the policies and procedures (P&Ps) for the HCLS and the LSO shall maintain a copy of these procedures on file. See 1.3 for LSO definition and responsibilities.

The guidelines contained herein are not intended to restrict or limit in any way the use of laser radiation, of any type, which may be intentionally administered to an individual for health care applications including diagnostic, aesthetic, preventative, therapeutic, or medical/dental research purposes, by or under the direction of qualified licensed professionals engaged in health care. The control measures are intended to give reasonable assurances of laser safety to the patient, public, employer and personnel engaged in use of lasers for health care applications.

Organization: Laser Institute of America
Document Number: ansi z136.3
Publish Date: 2011-01-01
Page Count: 140
Available Languages: EN
DOD Adopted: NO
ANSI Approved: YES
Most Recent Revision: YES
Current Version: YES
Status: Active

Document History

Document # Change Type Update Date Revision Status
ANSI Z136.3 Change Type: Update Date: 2005-01-01 Revision: 05 Status: INAC
ANSI Z136.3 Change Type: Update Date: 1996-01-01 Revision: 96 Status: INAC
ANSI Z136.3 Change Type: Update Date: 1988-01-01 Revision: 88 Status: INAC

Standards That Reference This Standard

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