Standard: WRC BUL 227

TEST OF TORISPHERICAL PRESSURE VESSEL HEADS CONVEX TO PRESSURE; REFERENCE STRESS CONCEPTS FOR CREEP ANALYSIS

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Scope:

Eighteen pressure vessel heads having nine different geometries and made from two different steels have been subjected to monotonically increasing external pressure until collapse occurred. Deflection of the crown and strains in the most highly strained regions of the concave side of the heads were recorded as functions of pressure. All heads underwent permanent deformations. Four modes of failure were observed: (i) symmetrical buckling of the crown, (ii) asymmetrical buckling in the knuckle and transition region, (iii) asymmetrical buckling of the cylindrical wall, and (iv) progressive deformation without buckling. These test results were compared with predictions by formulas proposed by Slember and Washington, the ASME Code, and by the "first yield" criteria. Four new formulas were developed and compared with the test results and selected data from Bart. One formula was recommended as an improvement to the ASME Code predictions as was the use of the first yield criteria. It was recommended that further effort be made to determine a more rigorous theoretical basis for the collapse of pressure vessel closure heads under external pressure

Organization: Welding Research Council
Document Number: wrc bul 227
Publish Date: 1977-06-01
Page Count: 29
Change Type: NEW ADDITION
Available Languages: EN
DOD Adopted: NO
ANSI Approved: NO
Most Recent Revision: YES
Current Version: YES
Status: Active
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