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SAE/TP - 2008-01-2261 - TESTING A NONVERIDICAL AIRCRAFT COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM Organization: SAE/TP
Date: 2008-08-19
Description: In this experiment, flight performance using a map-based cockpit display of traffic information (CDTI) was compared to performance augmented by a state space-based 4D collision avoidance system (CDTI+4CAS). 4CAS displayed state information about the safety of ownship maneuvers and their available maneuver time.
SAE ARP4153 - HUMAN INTERFACE CRITERIA FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS IN TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT Organization: SAE
Date: 1988-11-01
Description: This document sets forth design and operational recommendation concerning the human factors issues and criteria for airborne collision and avoidance systems. The visual an aural characteristics are covered for the display of traffic information as well as escape maneuver display on conventional and electronic flight decks.
EUROCAE ED 181 - GUIDANCE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS Organization: EUROCAE
Date: 2010-09-01
Description: There have been technological advances in that time, providing the potential opportunity to improve TCAS or develop new systems. Reasons to consider future airborne collision avoidance systems 1 include: • the changes in ATM outlined by SESAR, which include some changes that are already in hand; • the possibility of the collision avoidance function using ADS-B in some way; • pressures to provide collision avoidance functions for unmanned aircraft; and • the need for improvements in the present system, viz.
EUROCAE ED 221 - MINIMUM OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS (MOPS) FOR TRAFFIC ALERT AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM II (TCAS II) HYBRID SURVEILLANCE Organization: EUROCAE
Date: 2015-12-01
Description: PURPOSE AND SCOPE INTRODUCTION This document contains Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS II) equipment that uses hybrid surveillance.
ISO DIS 19237 - INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS - PEDESTRIAN DETECTION AND COLLISION MITIGATION SYSTEMS (PDCMS) - PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS AND TEST PROCEDURES Organization: ISO
Date: 2016-09-07
Description: The PDCMS standard, while not a collision avoidance standard, does not preclude a manufacturer from implementing collision avoidance with a PDCMS system. Systems that include other countermeasures such as evasive steering are not in the scope of this standard.
SAE ARP5365 - HUMAN INTERFACE CRITERIA FOR COCKPIT DISPLAY OF TRAFFIC INFORMATION Organization: SAE
Date: 1999-01-01
Description: The assumptions about the system that guided and bounded the recommendations contained in this document include: the system is an airborne (flight deck based) system displaying traffic surveillance information to the flight crew; multiple sources of surveillance data will be used, when available, to provide the flight crew with the best available information; the system will have a human centered design based on the "lessons learned" from past systems; the system is not intended to replace the current Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance (TCAS) function, but there will be a close relationship between the CDTI and the alerting system since both use the same sensors, and the display of the generated alerts and command information is generally considered a CDTI function; there will be pilot in the loop/manual involvement in any flight path changes; information will be accessible by appropriate flight crew members; the system will be based on the English language, but other languages may have to be considered; the system will address all fixed wing airplane types; the system will be operational full time in all airborne flight phases; the display function may be stand alone or part of a multi-function display; initial design will provide for upgradability and expansion; it will be properly integrated with other display functions and will not interfere with critical functions; the system may be capable of presenting additional traffic outside the range and capability of TCAS; and this document will not deal with the presentation of man made obstructions (e.g., towers or buildings) even though they may be equipped with an ADS-B transmitter.
FAA - FO N 8900.190 - TCAS II INFORMATION AND TRAINING FOR 14 CFR PARTS 91, 91 SUBPART K, 125 AND 135 Organization: FAA
Date: 2012-06-11
Description: This notice requires aviation safety inspectors (ASI) responsible for oversight of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 125 and 135 certificate holders, part 125 Letter of Deviation Authority (LODA) holders, part 91 subpart K (part 91K) program managers and part 91 operators that operate aircraft with Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) II installed to review their operator's manual(s) and training program to verify the inclusion of TCAS II information and that the information conforms to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) guidance found in the current edition of Advisory Circular (AC) 120-55, Air Carrier Operational Approval and Use of TCAS II.
SAE - ARD50083 - HUMAN FACTORS ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH COCKPIT DISPLAY OF TRAFFIC INFORMATION (CDTI) Organization: SAE
Date: 1999-12-01
Description: The system is not intended to replace Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) functions. 8. The system will meet harmonized certification requirements.
ISO 26900 - SPACE DATA AND INFORMATION TRANSFER SYSTEMS - ORBIT DATA MESSAGES - FIRST EDITION; CORRECTED VERSION 11/1/2012 Organization: ISO
Date: 2012-07-15
Description: Such exchanges are used for a) pre-flight planning for tracking or navigation support, b) scheduling tracking support, c) carrying out tracking operations (sometimes called metric predicts), d) performing orbit comparisons, e) carrying out navigation operations such as orbit propagation and orbit reconstruction, f) assessing mutual physical and electromagnetic interference among satellites orbiting the same celestial body (currently primarily Earth, Moon, and Mars), g) performing orbit conjunction (collision avoidance) studies, and h) developing and executing collaborative manoeuvres to mitigate interference or enhance mutual operations.
FAA - FO N 8900.171 - OPSPECS A036 AND A040 FOR PART 129 Organization: FAA
Date: 2011-10-18
Description: This notice amends operations specification (OpSpec) A036, Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS). It also incorporates information from OpSpec A040, Aircraft Radio Equipment.
ARINC 735B - TRAFFIC COMPUTER TCAS AND ADS-B FUNCTIONALITY - 2007; INCLUDES SUPPLEMENT 1-2 Organization: ARINC
Date: 2015-08-06
Description: Purpose of this Document This document describes a Traffic Computer with Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) functionality that provides the necessary interface definitions and protocols to accommodate the requirements of RTCA DO-185B: Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS) for Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS II) (latest version applies).
ICAO 9994 - MANUAL ON AIRBORNE SURVEILLANCE APPLICATIONS - FIRST EDITION Organization: ICAO
Date: 2014-01-01
Description: Their evolution is described in specific threads related to Airborne Surveillance Applications (ASA) (B0-ASEP: Air traffic situational awareness (ATSA), to B2-ASEP: Airborne Separation (ASEP)), as well as airborne collision avoidance (B0-ACAS: ACAS improvements and B2-ACAS: new collision avoidance system). Future airborne ADS-B IN applications which involve separation minima less than current radar separation standards may require changes in the Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS).
ICAO - 9871 - TECHNICAL PROVISIONS FOR MODE S SERVICES AND EXTENDED SQUITTER - SECOND EDITION Organization: ICAO
Date: 2012-01-01
Description: These detailed technical provisions supplement requirements contained in Annex 10 - Aeronautical Telecommunications, Volume III (Part I - Digital Data Communication Systems), and Volume IV - Surveillance Radar and Collision Avoidance Systems, and are necessary to ensure global interoperability.
WILEY - SENSE AND AVOID IN UAS: R - SENSE AND AVOID IN UAS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Organization: WILEY
Date: 2012-01-01
Description: UAV/UAS pose a number of new challenges, with the autonomy and in particular collision avoidance, detect and avoid, or sense and avoid, as the most challenging one, involving both regulatory and technical issues.
SAE J2944 - OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF DRIVING PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND STATISTICS Organization: SAE
Date: 2015-06-01
Description: ., navigation systems, in-vehicle cell phones), (2) driver awareness and assistance systems (e.g., adaptive cruise control, lane keeping assistance, collision warning, crash avoidance braking), (3) fitness to drive/licensing, (4) drug and medication use by drivers, (5) autonomous driving, and (6) for other purposes.
EUROCAE ED 115 - MINIMUM OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION FOR LIGHT AVIATION SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR TRANSPONDERS Organization: EUROCAE
Date: 2002-08-01
Description: NOTE 2: A National Civil Aviation Authority may approve the use of a low RF power LAST for operation in its own country ensuring that reliable performance of collision avoidance and ground systems can be demonstrated. This LAST would not be ICAO compliant.
ICAO - ANNEX 10 VOL II - AERONAUTICAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS - VOLUME II COMMUNICATION PROCEDURES INCLUDING THOSE WITH PANS STATUS - SEVENTH EDITION; INCORPORATES AMENDMENT 44-90 Organization: ICAO
Date: 2016-07-01
Description: As a result of the adoption of Amendment 70 on 20 March 1995, Annex 10 was restructured to include five volumes: Volume I — Radio Navigation Aids; Volume II — Communication Procedures; Volume III — Communication Systems; Volume IV — Surveillance Radar and Collision Avoidance Systems; and Volume V — Aeronautical Radio Frequency Spectrum Utilization.

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