Measurement of Gas Flow by Means of Critical Flow Venturis and Critical Flow Nozzles
|Publication Date:||1 January 2016|
SCOPE AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
This Standard applies only to the steady flow of single-phase gases through critical flow venturis (CFV) of shapes specified herein [also sometimes referred to as critical flow nozzles (CFN), sonic nozzles, or critical flow venturi nozzles]. This Standard applies to CFVs with diverging sections on the downstream side of the throat. When a CFN (no diverging section) is discussed, it is explicitly noted. This Standard specifies the method of use (installation and operating conditions) of CFVs. This Standard also gives information necessary for calculating the mass flow of the gas and its associated uncertainty.
This Standard applies only to CFVs and CFNs in which the flow is critical. Critical flow exists when the mass flow through the CFV is the maximum possible for the existing upstream conditions. At critical flow or choked conditions, the average gas velocity at the CFV throat closely approximates the local sonic velocity.
This Standard specifically applies to cases in which
(a) it can be assumed that there is a large volume upstream of the CFV or upstream of a set of CFVs mounted in a parallel flow arrangement (in a common plenum), thereby achieving higher flow; or
(b) the pipeline upstream of the CFV is of circular cross section with throat to pipe diameter ratio equal to or less than 0.25