Calculation of Voltage Induced into Telecommunication Lines from Radio Station Broadcasts and Methods of Reducing Interference
|Publication Date:||1 November 1988|
Although inductive interference from radio waves is seldom observed on circuits in underground cables, many examples of such interference have been reported in circuits carried by open wires, aerial cables or cables inside buildings.
Interference on voice-frequency circuits occurs because the induced radio wave is detected and demodulated by the nonlinear components in a telephone set or by metal oxide layers formed at conductor joints. This interference is mostly intelligible noise and may occur up to 5 km from a radio station whose radiating power is more than several tens of kilowatts.
On carrier or video transmission circuits, the induced radio wave impairs circuit performance when the radio-wave frequency is within the operating frequency of the transmission system. The interference usually consists of a single frequency tone within a telephone channel and is unintelligible. It reduces the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the transmission system. This interference may occur within a wide area around a radio station. Interference on video transmission circuits has been reported in only a few cases, but it is expected to cause serious problems when video transmission services increase in number in the future.
An unusual example of interference may arise in which outside plant maintenance personnel receive burns due to radio frequency currents. Such problems have been reported only in the immediate vicinity of a radio station antenna.