Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA and FMECA)
|Publication Date:||1 August 2018|
|ICS Code (Characteristics and design of machines, apparatus, equipment):||21.020|
|ICS Code (Application of statistical methods):||03.120.30|
|ICS Code (Quality in general):||03.120.01|
This document explains how failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), including the failure modes, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) variant, is planned, performed, documented and maintained.
The purpose of failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is to establish how items or processes might fail to perform their function so that any required treatments could be identified. An FMEA provides a systematic method for identifying modes of failure together with their effects on the item or process, both locally and globally. It may also include identifying the causes of failure modes. Failure modes can be prioritized to support decisions about treatment. Where the ranking of criticality involves at least the severity of consequences, and often other measures of importance, the analysis is known as failure modes, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA).
This document is applicable to hardware, software, processes including human action, and their interfaces, in any combination.
An FMEA can be used in a safety analysis, for regulatory and other purposes, but this being a generic standard, does not give specific guidance for safety applications.