ASA - ANSI/ASA S12.55/ISO 3745
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Precision methods for anechoic rooms and hemi-anechoic rooms
|Publication Date:||23 August 2012|
This American National Standard specifies methods for measuring the sound pressure levels on a measurement surface enveloping a noise source (machinery or equipment) in an anechoic room or a hemi-anechoic room. The sound power level (or, in the case of impulsive or transient noise emission, the sound energy level) produced by the noise source, in frequency bands of width one-third octave or with frequency weighting A applied, is calculated using those measurements, including corrections to allow for any differences between the meteorological conditions at the time and place of the test and those corresponding to a reference characteristic acoustic impedance.
In general, the frequency range of interest includes the one-third-octave bands with mid-band frequencies from 100 Hz to 10,000 Hz. In practice, the range is extended or restricted to frequencies beyond or within these limits, to those between which the test room is qualified for the purposes of the measurements.
Types of noise and noise sources
The methods specified in this American National Standard are suitable for all types of noise (steady, nonsteady, fluctuating, isolated bursts of sound energy, etc.) defined in ISO 12001.
The noise source under test can be a device, machine, component or sub-assembly. The maximum size of the noise source depends on specified requirements regarding the radius of the hypothetical sphere or hemisphere used as the enveloping measurement surface.
The test rooms that are applicable for measurements made in accordance with this American National Standard are an anechoic room or hemi-anechoic room, also called, respectively, a free-field test room or hemi-free-field test room.
Information is given on the uncertainty of the sound power levels and sound energy levels determined in accordance with this American National Standard, for measurements made in limited bands of frequency and with frequency weighting A applied. The uncertainty conforms to ISO 12001:1996, accuracy grade 1 (precision grade).