Electrical Equipment in a Class I, Division 2/Zone 2 Hazardous Location
|Publication Date:||20 June 2011|
When electrical equipment is used in locations in which fire or explosion hazards may exist due to flammable gases or vapours, flammable liquids, combustible dust, or ignitable fibers or flyings, the National Electrical Code® (NEC®), ANSI/NFPA 70 requires special precautions to be taken in equipment construction and installation to minimize risks of fire and explosions. There are several protection techniques in common use, each of which has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Other countries, including Canada, utilize varying wiring methods, so the contents of this report may not be applicable to countries other than the United States.
A location in which the fire or explosion hazard exists infrequently and for short periods is designated as a Division 2 or Zone 2 location. Two of the primary protection techniques for Division 2 or Zone 2 locations are "Nonincendive equipment" or "Non-sparking equipment". This Technical Report is intended to explain these protection techniques and to clarify the associated terminology. This Technical Report also addresses field wiring for Division 2/Zone 2 locations.
Division 2 equipment is permitted to be marked and used in Zone 2 hazardous locations per the NEC®, Section 505.9(C)(1).
Zone 2 equipment, in accordance with ANSI/ISA-60079-15, is permitted to be marked and used in Division 2 hazardous location per the NEC®, Section 501.5.
The term "combustible material" will be used throughout this Technical Report to refer to materials mentioned above, i.e., flammable gases, flammable liquid produced vapours, or combustible liquid produced vapours. Similarly, the term "hazardous location" will be used in place of the phrase "hazardous (classified) location" used in the NEC® and in the product standards. Finally, although combustible materials pose a fire hazard, the primary concern is an explosion.