Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Cellulose Derivatives by Ball-Drop Method
|Publication Date:||10 November 1995|
|ICS Code (Pulps):||85.040|
This test method describes the apparatus and general procedure for making ball-drop viscosity measurements on solutions of various cellulose derivatives. Instructions for sample preparation, solution concentration, and other details are discussed in theASTM methods for the respective cellulose derivatives.
This test method is applicable to solutions of various cellulose derivatives having viscosities greater than 10 P, by using balls of various diameters and densities. Viscosity results are expressed preferably in poises.
In commercial practice, viscosities are often expressed in seconds using 2.38-mm (3⁄32-in.) stainless steel balls.2 When the viscosity is outside the practical range for these balls (75 to 300 P), the measurement can be made using a calibrated pipet viscometer or a different ball and calculating the observed viscosity to the corresponding time for a 2.38-mm (3⁄32-in.) ball, even though it is a small fraction of a second.
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2 When a 3⁄32-in. stainless steel ball is used, the viscosities in seconds should be practically the same as those obtained using the apparatus described in Section 11 of Test Methods D871 - 48, and in Section 10 of Test Methods D301 - 50, which last appeared in the 1952 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 4.