UL STANDARD FOR SAFETY Definitions and Information Pertaining to Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Locations
|Publication Date:||3 December 2019|
This document provides general guidance for safe design, installation, and maintenance of electrical equipment in hazardous (classified) locations using appropriate means to prevent ignition of flammable gases and vapors, flammable liquids, combustible dusts, or ignitable fibers or flyings.
This document covers only locations made hazardous, or potentially hazardous, due to the presence of flammable gases or vapors, flammable liquids, combustible dusts, or ignitable fibers or flyings. The document is not necessarily relevant to the hazards posed by pyrophoric materials, explosives or propellants containing their own oxidizers.
This document is concerned only with design, manufacture, installation, maintenance, and test criteria related to arcs, sparks, or hot surfaces produced by electrical and non-electrical* equipment that may cause ignition of flammable gas or vapor-in-air mixtures, clouds or blankets of combustible dust, or easily ignitable fibers or flyings. Equipment is also required to comply with the applicable ordinary location requirements (e.g.,UL 508 and UL 61010-1) either by direct reference in hazardous locations standards or by other regulations.
* Under development (Mechanical and ESD for example). Some equipment may produce static electricity or cause high temperatures or sparks due to mechanical failure. The materials of construction of parts in such equipment will be an important consideration for application in hazardous locations.
This document does not cover mechanisms of ignition from external sources, such as static electricity or lightning. Some equipment may produce static electricity. The materials of construction of parts in such equipment will be an important consideration for application in hazardous locations. The extra precautions necessary for this are beyond the scope of this document.
This document does not consider the effects of installation in corrosive atmospheres and the resulting deleterious conditions to the original design integrity of the equipment. The additional precautions necessary for these conditions are outside the scope of this document.
This document is not an instruction manual. However, it is intended to provide introductory guidance to those involved with the design, manufacture, installation, and maintenance of equipment used in hazardous (classified) locations. It is also intended to promote uniformity of practice among those skilled in the art. Nothing contained in this document is to be construed as a fixed rule without regard to sound engineering judgment.
For hazardous location equipment, atmospheric conditions are generally considered to be:
a) an ambient temperature range of -20 °C (-4 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F) for zones and to -25 °C (-13 °F) to +40 °C (104 °F) for divisions;
b) air with normal oxygen content, typically 21 percent by volume; and
c) a pressure of 80 kPa (11.6 psia) to 110 kPa (16 psia).
NOTE Equipment specified for atmospheric conditions beyond the above is generally permitted but may be subjected to additional requirements.
Specialized industries such as, but not limited to, mining and shipping may be regulated by the specific authority having jurisdiction. This document does not include specific requirements or the rules and regulations unique to any specific industry.
Various organizations have developed codes, guides, and standards that have substantial acceptance by industry and governmental bodies. Codes, guides, and standards useful in the design and installation of electrical instruments in hazardous (classified) locations are listed in Annex C. These are not considered to be a part of this document except for those specific sections of documents referenced elsewhere in this document.
In accordance with the purpose of this document, an attempt was made to avoid originality in principles whenever possible, but rather to utilize definitions, explanations, etc., from accepted publications. As a result, much of the material, except for minor changes, is directly as published by others. While specific credit is not given for each reference, all references are included in Annex B.