Standard Test Method for Resistance to Abrasion of Resilient Floor Coverings Using an Abrader with a Grit Feed Method
|Publication Date:||1 May 2020|
|ICS Code (Floor coverings):||97.150|
This test method2 describes a laboratory procedure for determining the abrasion resistance of resilient flooring using an abrader with a grit feeder.3
The equipment used in this test method is a modification of the Taber abraser. The regular abrading wheels are replaced by leather clad brass wheels (rollers). As the specimen holder rotates, a grit-feeding device dispenses aluminum oxide grit onto the specimen before the grit passes under the leather clad brass wheels. As the specimen rotates, the rub-wear action of the wheels and abrasive grit causes abrasion on the test piece. Using the vacuum system incorporated in the apparatus, the used grit and abraded material are removed after passing under both wheels.
This test method employs a rotary, rubbing action caused by loose abrasive grit and the two abrading wheels. One wheel rubs the specimen from the center outward and the other from the outside toward the center. The wheels traverse a complete circle and have an abrasive action on the rotating specimen at all angles. This action approaches the twisting action between shoe and floor that occurs when a person turns. The use of loose grit serves the function of an abradant and also aids in the rolling action characteristic of normal walking.
The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2 This test method is described by W. E. Irwin in "Development of a Method to MeasureWear on Resilient Flooring," Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol 4, No. 1, January 1976, pp. 15-20.
3 This grit feed method is frequently referred to as the "Frick Grit Feed Method" because it is based on work done by Otto F. V. Frick as described in "Studies ofWear on Flooring Materials," Wear, Vol 14, 1969, pp. 119-131.