General principles for the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel
|Publication Date:||1 January 2019|
This Standard specifies common requirements for the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel from generation to storage or disposal.
Note: This includes management of mixed waste, which can have other management requirements.
This Standard is used in concert with all CSA standards that apply to the management of radioactive waste and irradiated fuel.
Note: For example, CSA N292.1, CSA N292.2, CSA N292.3, CSA N292.5, CSA N292.6, and CSA N294.
This Standard applies to waste organizations or facilities of all sizes that generate, possess, manage, process, transport, and dispose radioactive waste and irradiated fuel, including nuclear power reactors, research institutes, medical facilities, manufacturing facilities, laboratories, and industrial facilities.
Note: Waste organizations can refer to waste generators, waste brokers, waste receivers, waste processors, and waste management facility operators.
The following types of radioactive waste are not addressed in this Standard:
a) naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) and technologically enhanced, naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM); and
b) uranium mine and mill tailings.
Note: While this Standard is not applicable to the management of mine and mill tailings, the principles in this Standard can be useful for their management.
In this Standard, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the Standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the Standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.