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ICAO 9994

Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications

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Organization: ICAO
Publication Date: 1 January 2020
Status: active
Page Count: 66
scope:

FOREWORD

Airborne surveillance is rapidly evolving with a number of new capabilities planned for introduction into the flight deck. The ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) (Doc 9750) requires that these be interoperable in order to allow aircraft to achieve the same levels of safety and efficiency globally. Airborne surveillance represents a shift in surveillance functionality from traditional ground-based sensors to a comprehensive suite of avionics which will support a range of new, demanding surveillance capabilities and applications. Aircraft position and other airborne parameters are/will be provided by the basic airborne surveillance capability, known as ADS-B OUT. This information is/will be used directly by other aircraft equipped with an advanced capability, known as ADS-B IN, to support both existing applications, and some yet to be developed.

This manual describes several airborne surveillance capabilities such as Basic Airborne Situational Awareness (AIRB), visual separation on approach (VSA), Basic Surface Situational Awareness (SURF) and ADS-B traffic awareness system (ATAS). It also describes the in-trail procedure (ITP) application and the interval management (IM) application, which were introduced in the Aviation System Block Upgrades (ASBUs) supporting GANP.

The ASBUs contain modules which rely on ADS-B Standards, both for ADS-B OUT (ASUR-B0/1: automatic dependent surveillance - broadcast (ADS-B)) and for ADS-B IN, which are the key enablers for airborne surveillance. Their evolution is described in specific threads related to airborne surveillance applications (ASA) (CSEP-B1/1: AIRB to CSEP-B4/1: airborne separation) as well as airborne collision avoidance (ACAS-B1/1: ACAS improvements and ACAS-B2/1: new collision avoidance system).

Future airborne ADS-B IN applications which involve separation minima less than current radar separation standards may require changes in the airborne collision avoidance system (ACAS). Therefore, implementations of various airborne ADS-B IN applications may be dependent on the availability for implementation of a new collision avoidance system.

This manual also provides initial material regarding cockpit display of traffic information (CDTI) and assisted visual separation (CAVS) capabilities. CAVS is explained in Chapter 3 as specific implementation, since there are operational implementations of these capabilities only in one country as of 2020.

For surface applications, it is pointed out that SURF and SURF-IA (SURF-B1/2: Comprehensive pilot situational awareness on the airport surface and SURF-B2/3: conflict alerting for pilots for runway operations) are expected to complement A-SMGCS levels 1 and 2 and A-SMGCS levels 3 and 4.

This manual was initially developed by the Airborne Surveillance Task Force (ASTAF) that was established by ICAO in 2010 as a multidisciplinary team of experts for the timely development of ICAO provisions to ensure global uniformity and interoperability of operations based on the use of ADS-B on the flight deck. Three main objectives of this manual are as follows:

a) to support the implementation of ASA and the initial airborne surveillance capabilities, for which some industrial solutions are already available and in operational use;

b) to present guidance material and references related to the standards and recommended practices (SARPs), the procedures for air navigation services (PANS) and relevant industry standards documents, i.e. safety, performance and interoperability requirements (SPR) and minimum operational performance standards (MOPS);

c) to summarize and recapitulate within an ICAO document the main results of the airborne surveillance work carried out in the air traffic management (ATM) community supported by ADS-B, which is recognized as an essential enabler of the ICAO global concept of operations as a promoter of the related ASBU threads.

The manual will be updated with the support of the Surveillance Panel (SP) to incorporate additional ASA when they are made available to the global ATM community.

Document History

February 9, 2021
Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications
A description is not available for this item.
ICAO 9994
January 1, 2020
Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications
FOREWORD Airborne surveillance is rapidly evolving with a number of new capabilities planned for introduction into the flight deck. The ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) (Doc 9750) requires...
January 1, 2014
Manual on Airborne Surveillance Applications
FOREWORD Airborne surveillance is rapidly evolving with a number of new capabilities planned for introduction into the flight deck. The ICAO Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) (Doc 9750) requires...

References

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