Measurement of Fluid Flow by Means of Pressure Differential Devices Inserted in Circular Cross-Section Conduits Running Full - Part 4: Venturi Tubes
|Publication Date:||1 March 2003|
|ICS Code (Flow in closed conduits):||17.120.10|
This part of ISO 5167 specifies the geometry and method of use (installation and operating conditions) of Venturi tubes when they are inserted in a conduit running full to determine the flowrate of the fluid flowing in the conduit.
This part of ISO 5167 also provides background information for calculating the flowrate and is applicable in conjunction with the requirements given in ISO 5167-1.
This part of ISO 5167 is applicable only to Venturi tubes in which the flow remains subsonic throughout the measuring section and where the fluid can be considered as single-phase. In addition, each of these devices can only be used within specified limits of pipe size, roughness, diameter ratio and Reynolds number. This part of ISO 5167 is not applicable to the measurement of pulsating flow. It does not cover the use of Venturi tubes in pipes sized less than 50 mm or more than 1 200 mm, or where the pipe Reynolds numbers are below 2 × 105.
This part of ISO 5167 deals with the three types of classical Venturi tubes:
c) rough welded sheet-iron.
A Venturi tube is a device which consists of a convergent inlet connected to a cylindrical throat which is in turn connected to a conical expanding section called the "divergent". The differences between the values of the uncertainty of the discharge coefficient for the three types of classical Venturi tube show, on the one hand, the number of results available for each type of classical Venturi tube and, on the other hand, the more or less precise definition of the geometric profile. The values are based on data collected many years ago. Venturi nozzles (and other nozzles) are dealt with in ISO 5167-3.
NOTE 1 Research into the use of Venturi tubes in high-pressure gas [ ≥ 1 MPa ( ≥ 10 bar)] is being carried out at present (see References , ,  in the Bibliography). In many cases for Venturi tubes with machined convergent sections discharge coefficients which lie outside the range predicted by this part of ISO 5167 by 2 % or more have been found. For optimum accuracy Venturi tubes for use in gas should be calibrated over the required flowrate range. In high-pressure gas the use of single tappings (or at most two tappings in each plane) is not uncommon.
NOTE 2 In the USA the classical Venturi tube is sometimes called the Herschel Venturi tube.