Metals for Sulfide Stress Cracking and Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistance in Sour Oilfield Environments
|Publication Date:||17 January 2003|
This standard presents metallic material requirements to provide resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) and/or stress corrosion cracking (SCC) for petroleum production, drilling, gathering and flow line equipment, and field processing facilities to be used in hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-bearing hydrocarbon service.
This standard is applicable to the materials and/or equipment specified by the materials standards institutions listed in Table 1 (or by equivalent standards or specifications of other agencies).
This standard does not include and is not intended to include design specifications.
Other forms of corrosion and other modes of failure, although outside the scope of this standard, should also be considered in design and operation of equipment. Severely corrosive conditions may lead to failures by mechanisms other than SSC and/or SCC and should be mitigated by corrosion inhibition or materials selection, which are outside the scope of this standard. For example, some lower-strength steels used for pipelines and vessels may be subjected to failure by hydrogen-induced cracking (blistering and stepwise cracking) as a result of hydrogen damage associated with general corrosion in the presence of H2S.1,2