CSA - ISO/IEC ISP 11187-4-00
Information Technology - International Standardized Profiles AVT1n, AVT2n - Virtual Terminal Basic Class - Application Profiles - Part 4: AVT23 - S-Mode Paged Application Profile
|Publication Date:||1 March 2000|
The concept of Profiles for OSI, and the structure of the International Standardized Profiles that document them, are defined in ISO/IEC TR 10000-1. Such Profiles are divided into a number of different classes and sub-classes. Two of these classes contain sub-classes comprising functions of the Virtual Terminal Basic Class Service and Protocol specified in the base standards ISO 9040 and ISO 9041. These are the Application Profiles ( A-Profiles) and the Interchange Format and Representation Profiles (F-Profiles).
The relationship between A-Profiles and F-Profiles is described in 7.3.2 of ISO/IEC TR 10000-1 and is as follows. Application Layer base standards require, implicitly or explicitly, the structure of information camed or referenced by them to be specified for each instance of communication. I t is the purpose of F-Profiles to specify Information Objects that provide these structures. Particular functional requirements may then be met by the combination of an A-Profile with one or more F-Profiles
Establishment of a VT-association involves the selection by negotiation of a particular Virtual Terminai Environment profile (VTE-profile), and of particular values for any arguments of that VTE-profile. The VTE-profile specification, and possibly also the values of certain VTE-profile arguments. may in turn reference the definitions of VT control object types and assignment types. These VTE-profiles, control object types and assignment types are therefore lnformation Objects that require explicit reference within the VT protocol. Particular instances of these Information Objects are fully defined within the base standards. but the base standards also provide for further instances to be defined by registration. Each registered instance constitutes an FProfle within the framework of ISO/IEC TR 10000.
The Virtual Terminal Basic Class Service and Protocol may be used to realise a wide range of distinct functions. Particular functions may be realised through the selection of appropriate VT functional units, F-Profiles and other VTE-profile argument values. The specification of the selection required to realise a particular function and to promote interoperability constitutes a Virtual Terminal A-Profile within the framework of ISO/IEC TR 10000
The three International Registers of VT information objects and the specifications of VT Application Profiles are each published as a separate multi-parc ISP as follows:
- ISO/IEC ISP 11184 is the Register of VTE-profiles;
- ISO/IEC ISP 11185 is the Register of control object type definitions;
- ISO/IEC ISP 11186 is the Register of assignment-type definitions;
- ISO/lEC ISP 11187 contains the specifications of VT Application Profiles.
This part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 is applicable to environments in which a terminai population requires access to ap plication packages running on a variety of computers. It may be used where the connection between the terminal and the computer that hosts the application package is local, is made across a Local or Wide Area Network, or is made across a concatenation of such networks.
This part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 contains the specification of the S-mode Paged Application Profile. Virtual Terminal implementations that operate in accordance with this A-profile provide powerful general-purpose terminal capabilities which are suitable in particular for form-filling appiications. This A-profile specifies a mode of operation of, and a selection of options for use with, the S-mode Paged VTG profile FVT122. These are together designed to provide versatility and to promote interoperability between Virtual Terminal implementations which support that VTE-profile.
This part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 supports terminais, which allow to fill all fields on the screen (locally) and then send all data to the host at once. Such terminals communicate with the host not on character by character basis, but on the character st.ream basis. To send input data from this kind of terminal it is necessary to press one of special keys provided on the terminal.
This part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 also specifies a Profile ICS proforma for the S-mode Paged Application Profile specified herein in compliance with the relevant requirements, and in accordance with the relevant guidance, given in ISO/IEC 96467. The supplier of an implementation which is claimed to conform to ISO/IEC ISP 11187-4 is required to complete a copy of the Profile ICs proforma as specified in 5.2 and is required to provide the information necessary to identify both the supplier and the implementation.
Position within the taxonomy
The taxonomy of Intemational Standardized Profiles for OSI is laid down in ISO/IEC TR 10000-2. Within the classification scheme of this taxonomy, the OSI Profiles specified in this International Standardized Profile are in the Virtual Terminal subclass of the class of Application Profiles.
A Profile within this subclass has a Profile identifier of the form AVTab, where ab is a structured numerical identifier that identifies the position of the Profile within two levels of subdivision of the subclass. The value of a is a single digit but b is an integer that is not necessarily a single digit
In principle the ISO Virtual Terminal model allows for multiple classes of operation, although at the time of publication of this International Standardized Profile only the Basic Class has been defined. The value of the identifier component a distinguishes between the permitted modes of operation of the Virtual Terminal Service as follows:
- a = 1 for Basic Class A-mode (asynchronous mode);
- a = 2 for Basic Class S-mode (synchronous mode).
Values of a greater than 2 are reserved for future developments.
ISO/IEC ISP 11187 contains the specifications of the Profiles with identifiers of the form AVTib and AVT2b. The component b distinguishes between different Application Profiles that make use of the same mode of operation.
This part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 contains the specification of the Application Profile with the Profile identifier
- AVT23 - S -mode Paged Application Profile.
The VT Basic Class Service is defined in ISO 9040. It operates within the OSI Reference Model defined in ISO 7498 to provide facilities for interactive terminal-oriented communication between two application-processe
The VT-user component of an application-process (AP) communicates by invoking an application-entity (AE) to establish a VT-association with an application-entity of a peer application-process.
In the model of the OSI Application Layer given in ISO/IEC 9545, the AE is a composition of two application-servicee
An AEI operates in accordance with rules determined by an application-context.
A VT Application Profile specifies constraints on the operation of an AEI within the application-context deñned in ISO 9041-1. It also specifies constraints on the use of the Presentation Layer by such an AEI and on the consequent use of the Session Layer by the Presentation Layer. A VT A p plication Profile is intended to be used in conjunction with any Transport Profile (T-Profile) of ISO/IEC TR 10000-2 that provides a connection-mode Transport Service for use by the Session Layer.
A VT Application Profile may also specify constraints on the exchange of control information between the VT-users and on the behaviour of a VT-user in response to information exchanged.
An AP-invocation may make concurrent or consecutive use of more than one AE-invocation. An AE-invocation may be a partner in one or more application-associat
The VT Application Profiles specified in ISO/IEC ISP 11187 are concerned solely with the operation of a VTassociation. They place no constraint on any other application-associat
The VT Application Profile specified in this part of ISO/IEC ISP 11187 assumes an asymmetry between the two communicating end systems. One end system is assumed to possess a terminal device with facilities for the input and display of data by a human user. It may also possess a printer or other hard-copy device. These two devices form part of the VTuser component of that end system and are modelled within the data structures of the VT Service. The other end system is assumed to have an application role and to contain an application package that the terminal end system desires to access. This asymmetry is recognised by the VT Service in accordance with 19.3.2 of ISO 9040. The VT-user of the end system with the real devices is designated as the Terminal VT-user, the other as the Application VT-user, and the two do not have equal access to the functions of the VT Service.