Recommended Practice for Radio Frequency Safety Programs, 3 kHz to 300 GHz
|Publication Date:||22 September 2005|
This recommended practice presents guidelines and procedures that could form the basis of a radio frequency exposure safety program1 (RFSP) that provides reasonable and adequate guidance for preventing exposures above applicable radio frequency (RF) limits associated with RF sources that operate in the frequency range of 3 kHz to 300 GHz under many circumstances. This is a general-purpose document intended for application in most RF exposure scenarios with the goal of avoiding potentially hazardous exposures to electromagnetic fields, currents, and/or contact voltages. In some complex cases, however, the required elements of an adequate RFSP may exceed those described in this document. In such cases, additional guidance may be necessary to affect a satisfactory RF safety solution. There are many ways of accomplishing the goal of a satisfactory RF safety program. While this recommended practice outlines certain schemes for providing a safe environment for persons who may be exposed to excessive levels of electromagnetic energy, other schemes may be equally effective.
These guidelines are provided to assist in the development of RF
safety programs for the safe use of RF energy-producing devices,
equipment, and systems, and to prevent exposures in excess of
applicable RF limits for workers or the public. The means for
accomplishing this are by first characterizing areas into one of
four exposure categories according to the potential risk for
exposure above prescribed RF exposure limits, as described in 1.3,
and then, where relevant, specifying the appropriate controls to
reduce the likelihood of over-exposure. For many situations, this
guidance will assist in the development of sitespecific RF safety
programs, while in others the programs may be developed to apply
across a wide range of exposure environments. These guidelines are
designed to complement the ICES TC-95 family of standards on
electromagnetic safety, but may find use in the development of
effective programs for conformance with other guidelines,
standards, or regulations for controlling human exposure to
electromagnetic energy. This recommended practice provides
guidelines for establishing RF safety programs, but other
recommendations may already exist that are deemed sufficient by
local regulatory authorities for achieving RF safety in particular
environments. Hence, other recommendations could potentially
replace or be used in conjunction with the recommendations in this
document. Guidelines developed for specific applications, for
example, radio amateur operations [B3]2 and electrical
1 For the purposes of this document, the term "RF safety" is a shorthand notation used to mean "RF exposure safety." See definitions.
2 The numbers in brackets correspond to those of the bibliography in Annex I.
The use of a device over its full range of functions, in accordance with the instructions provided by the manufacturer.