Online Chlorine Analyzer Operation and Maintenance
|Publication Date:||7 June 2015|
This standard describes online chlorine analyzer operation and maintenance (O&M) when the online chlorine analyzer is used in the treatment and monitoring of potable water, reclaimed water, or wastewater.
Continuous chlorine residual monitoring is used for two primary purposes: process control and regulatory compliance. Process control implies that the reason for testing the chlorine content of water is primarily to determine how well a pro-cess is working (e.g., how consistent the chlorine residual is in effluent from a flash mixer, how much chlorine is removed from disinfected water, etc.), to control chlo-rine feed equipment, and to ensure appropriate chlorination of the final product. The rate of ammonia application may be controlled by the residual from the chlorine analyzer to maintain an acceptable chloramine speciation. Process control may also imply analyzing residual chlorine content in distribution or transmission systems. A sudden decrease in measured chlorine residual may be indicative of malfunctioning equipment, system failure, groundwater intrusion, or introduction of some chlorine-consuming contaminants.
Testing the chlorine content of water primarily for regulatory compliance often involves testing method constraints, induding sample collection point, anal-ysis methods, sample interval, and chlorine residual targets. If testing is for regula-tory compliance, the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) shall be consulted prior to purchasing an online chlorine analyzer.
The purpose of this standard is to provide the minimum requirements for online chlorine analyzer O&M, sampling requirements, accuracy and precision testing requirements, range requirements, and methods of calibration and trouble-shooting.