IEC TS 62736
Ultrasonics – Pulse-echo scanners – Simple methods for periodic testing to verify stability of an imaging system’s elementary performance
|Publication Date:||1 July 2016|
|ICS Code (Electroacoustics):||17.140.50|
This document specifies requirements and methods for periodic testing of the quality of diagnostic medical ultrasound systems with linear array, curved linear array, single element, annular array, phased array, matrix linear array transducers and two-dimensional arrays. Image interpretation and measurement workstations are included. Usually, "periodic testing" is referred to here as "quality control". This document represents a minimum set of such tests intended for frequent users of medical ultrasound systems, for quality control professionals in their organization, or those hired from other quality-control and/or service-provider organizations. System-manufacturing
This document also defines terms and specifies methods for measuring (for quality maintenance or quality control) the maximum relative depth of penetration of real-time ultrasound B-MODE scanners, though this penetration measure is listed as less frequently applied.
The types of transducers used with these scanners include:
• mechanical probes;
• electronic phased arrays;
• linear arrays;
• curved arrays;
• two-dimensional arrays;
• three-dimensional scanning probes based on a combination of the above types.
Transducers not readily amenable to transducer-element testing by the simple imageuniformity procedures specified (for example, phased array and 2D-array transducers) are tested only partially by maximum relative depth of penetration. System manufacturers are encouraged to provide pulsing patterns of the transducer elements to allow testing of individual elements or small-enough groups of elements to enable users to detect significant element failure or to provide access to another implemented and explained element-test program. Dedicated Doppler systems are excluded from coverage here as specialized equipment is required to test them. This test equipment can be specific to the intended application of the Doppler system.
All scanners considered include basic pulse-echo techniques. The failures to be detected by the recommended pulse-echo tests also will affect the operation of other modes, such as colour-flow, harmonic-, elasticity- and compound imaging. The test methodology is applicable for transducers operating in the 1 MHz to 17 MHz frequency range and could be made applicable up to 40 MHz, if the depth of penetration were allowed to be relative, rather than absolute, and phantom stability were verified . Image-uniformity QC is applicable to transducers operating in the 1 MHz to 40 MHz frequency range as the requirements for phantoms are not stringent.
NOTE Phantom manufacturers are encouraged to extend the frequency range to which phantoms are specified to enable relative depth-of-penetration