Standard Test Method for Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Waste Materials by Gas Chromatography
|Publication Date:||10 November 1998|
|ICS Code (Special wastes):||13.030.30|
This test method2 covers a two-tiered analytical approach to PCB screening and quantitation of liquid and solid wastes, such as oils, sludges, aqueous solutions, and other waste matrices.
Tier I is designed to screen samples rapidly for the presence of PCBs.
Tier II is used to determine the concentration of PCBs, typically in the range of from 2 mg ⁄kg to 50 mg ⁄kg. PCB concentrations greater than 50 mg/kg are determined through analysis of sample dilutions.
This is a pattern recognition approach, which does not take into account individual congeners that might occur, such as in reaction by-products. This test method describes the use of Aroclors3 1016, 1221, 1232, 1242, 1248, 1254, 1260, 1262, and 1268, as reference standards, but others could also be included. Aroclors 1016 and 1242 have similar capillary gas chromatography (GC) patterns. Interferences or weathering are especially problematic with Aroclors 1016, 1232, and 1242 and may make distinction between the three difficult.
This test method provides sample clean up and instrumental conditions necessary for the determination of Aroclors. Gas chromatography (GC) using capillary column separation technique and electron capture detector (ECD) are described. Other detectors, such as atomic emission detector (AED) and mass spectrometry (MS), may be used if sufficient performance (for example, sensitivity) is demonstrated. Further details about the use of GC and ECD are provided in Practices E355, E697, and E1510.
Quantitative results are reported on the dry weights of waste samples.
Quantification limits will vary depending on the type of waste stream being analyzed.
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2 This test method is based largely on EPA 8080 (and the proposed modification for the use of capillary columns, EPA 8081) and EPA Report 600/4-81-045 by Bellar, T. and J. Lichtenberg, reported in 1981. The report is titled, "The Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Transformer Fluid and Waste Oils," and provides significant support to the protocol in this standard