UL - 2849 BULLETIN
UL Outline of Investigation for Cycles – Electrically Power Assisted Cycles – EPAC Bicycles
|Publication Date:||1 February 2018|
This standard covers electrical systems of eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles. EBikes include both Pedalec (pedal assist) and non-Pedalec types. Electric scooters and electric motorcycles are intended for over the road use.
Electrical systems as referenced in 1.1 include onboard electrical systems (see 1.3), off board charging systems (see 1.4), and vehicle charging systems (see 1.5) of eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles.
On board electrical systems include any electrical component or system that is located on board the vehicle. This may include motors, motor controllers, interface/controls, battery packs, charging circuitry (which may include on board chargers), and other components or systems.
Off Board Charging Systems include individual chargers for charging batteries that are removed from the vehicle during charging, individual chargers for charging batteries that are in place on the vehicle during charging, supply equipment for providing AC power to the vehicle with an on board charger, or charging systems that consist of multiple charging points such as battery swap type systems or charging rack systems.
Vehicle Charging Systems include both the on board electrical system of the vehicle and the off board charging system.
This standard does not cover any other electrically powered vehicle other than eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles, as defined within this document. Electrically powered scooters that are not intended for road use and are intended for personal mobility are covered under the Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices, CAN/UL 2272.
Requirements contained in 16 CFR Part 1512, Requirements for Bicycles, apply to eBikes. Verification of compliance with 16 CFR Part 1512 is outside the scope of this Standard.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) outlined under 49 CFR Chapter V, apply to electric scooters and electric motorcycles. Compliance with these FMVSS documents is outside the scope of this standard.