Snap-Acceleration Smoke Test Procedure for Heavy-Duty Diesel Powered Vehicles
|Publication Date:||1 February 2018|
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to vehicle exhaust smoke measurements made using the Snap-Acceleration test procedure. Because this is a non-moving vehicle test, this test can be conducted along the roadside, in a truck depot, a vehicle repair facility, or other test facilities. The test is intended to be used on heavy-duty trucks and buses powered by diesel engines. It is designed to be used in conjunction with smokemeters using the light extinction principle of smoke measurement.
This procedure describes how the snap-acceleration test is to be performed. It also gives specifications for the smokemeter and other test instrumentation and describes the algorithm for the measurement and quantification of the exhaust smoke produced during the test. Included are discussions of factors which influence snap-acceleration test results and methods to correct for these conditions. Unless otherwise noted, these correction methodologies are to be considered an integral part of the snap-acceleration test procedure.
This document provides a procedure for assessing smoke emissions from in-use vehicles powered by heavy-duty diesel engines. Testing conducted in accordance with this procedure, in combination with reference smoke values, is intended to provide an indication of the state of maintenance and/or tampering of the engine and fuel system relative to the parameters which affect exhaust smoke. The procedure is expected to be of use to regulatory and enforcement authorities responsible for controlling smoke emissions from heavy-duty diesel-powered vehicles, and to heavy-duty vehicle maintenance and repair facilities. However, the procedure as written does not replicate the federal engine certification smoke cycle, and is intended to identify gross emitters. Regulatory agencies using this procedure must establish pass/fail criteria since SAE by-laws prohibit assignment of such criteria.