Rough-terrain trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 1: Variable-reach trucks
|Publication Date:||1 November 2014|
|ICS Code (Industrial trucks):||53.060|
NEN-EN 1459-1 specifies the safety requirements of self-propelled variable-reach rough-terrain trucks (hereafter referred to as trucks), intended to handle loads, equipped with a telescopic lifting means (pivoted boom), on which a load handling device (e.g. carriage and fork arms) is fitted. For the purpose of this standard, rough-terrain variable-reach trucks are designed to transport, lift and place loads and can be driven on unimproved terrain. Fork arms are considered to be part of the truck. Trucks can also be equipped with a variety of attachments (e.g. bale spikes, mowers, sweepers). This European Standard deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to the trucks when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Annex A). This European Standard does not apply to: - slewing variable reach rough terrain trucks covered by EN 1459-2; - industrial variable reach trucks covered by EN ISO 3691-2; - lorry-mounted variable reach trucks; - variable reach trucks fitted with tilting or elevating operator position; - mobile cranes covered by EN 13000; - machines designed primarily for earth moving, even if their buckets and blades are replaced with forks (see EN 474 series); - trucks designed primarily with variable length load suspension elements (e.g. chain, ropes) from which the load may swing freely in all directions; - trucks fitted with personnel work platforms, designed to move persons to elevated working positions; - trucks designed primarily for container handling; - trucks on tracks; - trucks with articulated chassis; - attachments (covered by prEN 1459-5). This European Standard does not address hazards linked to: - hybrid power systems; - gas power system; - gasoline engine system; - battery power system; - tractor specific devices (e.g. PTO).