Safety of machinery – Electro-sensitive protective equipment – Part 3: Particular requirements for Active Opto-electronic Protective Devices responsive to Diffuse Reflection (AOPDDR)
|Publication Date:||1 February 2008|
|ICS Code (Optoelectronics. Laser equipment):||31.260|
|ICS Code (Safety of machinery):||13.110|
This part of IEC 61496 specifies additional requirements for the design, construction and testing of electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) for the safeguarding of machinery, employing active opto-electronic protective devices responsive to diffuse reflection (AOPDDRs) for the sensing function. Special attention is directed to requirements which ensure that an appropriate safety-related performance is achieved. An ESPE may include optional safetyrelated functions, the requirements for which are given both in annex A of this part and in annex A of IEC 61496-1.
This part does not specify the dimensions or configurations of the detection zone and its disposition in relation to hazardous parts for any particular application, nor what constitutes a hazardous state of any machine. It is restricted to the functioning of the ESPE.
AOPDDRs are devices that have a detection zone specified in two dimensions wherein radiation in the near infrared range is emitted by a transmitter element(s). When the emitted radiation impinges on an object (for example, a person or part of a person), a portion of the emitted radiation is reflected to a receiving element(s) by diffuse reflection whereby the presence of the object can be detected.
NOTE Under certain circumstances, limitations of the sensor in relation to its use need to be considered. For example:
- Objects that generate mirror-like (specular) reflections may not be detected if the diffuse reflectance value is less than that specified for the "black" test piece.
- The determination of the minimal reflection factors for the detection of obstacles is based on the clothing of a person. Objects having a reflectivity lower than that considered in this part may not be detected.
Excluded from this part are AOPDDRs employing radiation of wavelength outside the range 820 nm to 946 nm, and those employing radiation other than that generated by the AOPDDR itself. For sensing devices that employ radiation of wavelengths outside this range, this part may be used as a guide. Also excluded are AOPDDRs having a stated detection capability outside the range 50 mm to 100 mm.
This part may be relevant to applications other than those for the protection of persons, for example, for the protection of machinery or products from mechanical damage. In such applications, additional requirements may be necessary, for example, when the materials that have to be detected by the sensing function have different properties from those of persons and their clothing.
This part does not deal with electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emission requirements.
Opto-electronic devices that perform only one-dimensional spot-like distance measurements, for example, proximity switches, are not covered by this part.