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ASTM D1586/D1586M

Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils

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Organization: ASTM
Publication Date: 1 February 2008
Status: inactive
Page Count: 5
ICS Code (Earthworks. Excavations. Foundation construction. Underground works): 93.020
scope:

This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative disturbed soil sample for identification purposes, and measure the resistance of the soil to penetration of the sampler. Another method (Test Method D 3550) to drive a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative soil sample is available but the hammer energy is not standardized.

Practice D 6066 gives a guide to determining the normalized penetration resistance of sands for energy adjustments of N-value to a constant energy level for evaluating liquefaction potential.

Test results and identification information are used to estimate subsurface conditions for foundation design.

Penetration resistance testing is typically performed at 5-foot depth intervals or when a significant change of materials is observed during drilling, unless otherwise specified.

This test method is limited to use in nonlithified soils and soils whose maximum particle size is approximately less than one-half of the sampler diameter.

This test method involves use of rotary drilling equipment (Guide D 5783, Practice D 6151). Other drilling and sampling procedures (Guide D 6286, Guide D 6169) are available and may be more appropriate. Considerations for hand driving or shallow sampling without boreholes are not addressed. Subsurface investigations should be recorded in accordance with Practice D 5434. Samples should be preserved and transported in accordance with Practice D 4220 using Group B. Soil samples should be identified by group name and symbol in accordance with Practice D 2488.

All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026, unless superseded by this test method.

The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units, which are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

The gravitational system of inch-pound units is used when dealing with inch-pound units. In this system, the pound (lbf) represents a unit of force (weight), while the unit for mass is slugs.

Penetration resistance measurements often will involve safety planning, administration, and documentation. This test method does not purport to address all aspects of exploration and site safety. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Performance of the test usually involves use of a drill rig; therefore, safety requirements as outlined in applicable safety standards (for example, OSHA regulations,2 NDA Drilling Safety Guide,3 drilling safety manuals, and other applicable state and local regulations) must be observed.

2 Available from Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210, http://www.osha.gov.

3 Available from the National Drilling Association, 3511 Center Rd., Suite 8, Brunswick, OH 44212, http://www.nda4u.com.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.

Document History

December 1, 2018
Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler with a 140 lb [63.5 kg] hammer dropped 30 in. [750 mm] to obtain a...
November 1, 2011
Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative disturbed soil sample for...
October 1, 2008
Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative disturbed soil sample for...
ASTM D1586/D1586M
February 1, 2008
Standard Test Method for Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative disturbed soil sample for...
January 10, 1999
Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
1. Scope * 1.1 This test method describes the procedure, generally known as the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), for driving a split-barrel sampler to obtain a representative soil sample and a...
June 10, 1998
Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
A description is not available for this item.
September 11, 1984
Standard Test Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
A description is not available for this item.
October 20, 1967
Standard Method for PENETRATION TEST AND SPLIT-BARREL SAMPLING OF SOILS
This method describes a procedure for using a split-barrel sampler to obtain representative samples of soil for identification purposes and other laboratory tests, and to obtain a measure of the...
January 1, 1964
Tentative Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This method describes a procedure for making soil borings with a split-barrel sampler in order to obtain representative samples of soil for identification purposes and other laboratory tests and to...
April 1, 1958
Tentative Method for Penetration Test and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
This method describes a procedure for making soil borings with a split-barrel sampler in order to obtain representative samples of soil for identification purposes and other laboratory tests and to...

References

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