Standard Practice for Decontamination of Field Equipment Used at Waste Sites
|Publication Date:||10 January 2002|
|ICS Code (Installations and equipment for waste disposal and treatment):||13.030.40|
This practice covers the decontamination of field equipment used in the sampling of soils, soil gas, sludges, surface water, and ground water at waste sites which are to undergo both physical and chemical analyses.
This practice is applicable only at sites where chemical (organic and inorganic) wastes are a concern. It is not intended for use at radiological, mixed (chemical and radiological), or biohazard sites.
Procedures are included for the decontamination of equipment which comes into contact with the sample matrix (sample contacting equipment) and for ancillary equipment that has not contacted the portion of sample to be analyzed (non-sample contacting equipment).
This practice is based on commonly recognized methods by which equipment may be decontaminated. The procedures described for sample contacting equipment are commonly prescribed, however there is a minimum of scientific data that supports these methods (Mickam et al. 19892, Parker34, 1995). Therefore the user is reminded of the importance of QA/QC samples that document decontamination effectiveness and that these samples can be used to modify or enhance decontamination techniques. Decontamination at radiologically contaminated sites should refer to Practice D 5608.
This practice is applicable to most conventional sampling equipment constructed of metallic and synthetic materials. The manufacturer of a specific sampling apparatus should be contacted if there is concern regarding the reactivity of a decontamination rinsing agent with the equipment.
This practice offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgement. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word "Standard" in the title of this document means only that the documents has been approved through the ASTM consensus process..
This standard does not purport to address the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2 Mickam, J. T., Bellandi, R., and Tifft, Jr., E. C., Equipment Decontamination Procedures for Ground Water and Vadose Zone Monitoring Programs: Status and Prospects, Ground Water Monitoring Review, Vol 9, No. 2, 1989, pp. 100-121.
3 Parker, L. V., A Literature Review on Decontaminating Groundwater Sampling Devices: Organic Contaminates, CRREL Report 95-14, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, 1996.
4 Parker, L. V., and Ranney, T. A., Decontamination Materials Used in Groundwater Sampling Devices, CRREL Special Report 97-24, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, 1997a.