SMOKE DETECTORS FOR FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
|Publication Date:||14 August 2009|
|ICS Code (Alarm and warning systems):||13.320|
|ICS Code (Fire protection):||13.220.20|
This Standard sets forth requirements for smoke detectors and mechanical guards to be employed in ordinary indoor locations in accordance with the following:
In the United States:
a) National Fire Alarm Code, NFPA 72.
b) Standard for the Installation of Fire Alarm Systems, CAN/ULC-S524;
c) National Building Code of Canada; and
d) National Fire Code of Canada.
A smoke detector (e.g. ionization-type, photoelectric-type and the like) as covered by this Standard consists of an assembly of electrical components arranged to detect one or more products of combustion. The products of combustion may consist of gases, water vapor, and visible as well as invisible smoke particles. The detector includes provision for the connection to a source of power, signaling, and optional remote control circuits. Additional functionality, such as a heat detector, or audible signaling appliance/device, or both, is permitted to be incorporated as part of the smoke detector assembly.
This standard covers the following types of detectors:
a) Detectors intended for open area protection and for connection to a compatible power supply or control unit for operation as part of a fire alarm system.
b) Detectors intended solely for control of releasing devices such as electromagnetic door holders, fire dampers or smoke dampers.
c) Detectors intended for both applications described in (a) and (b) above, and
d) In Canada, duct detectors.
This standard does not cover the following:
In the United States (a - f):
a) Control units to which the detectors are intended to be connected that are covered by the Standard for Control Units for Fire-Protective Signaling Systems, UL 864;
b) Self-contained single and multiple station smoke alarms, not intended for connection to a system control unit, that are covered by the Standard for Single and Multiple Station Smoke Alarms, UL 217;
c) A heat detector incorporated as a part of a smoke detector assembly, and covered by the Standard for Heat Detectors for Fire Protective Signaling Systems, UL 521; except for the requirements of the Fire Test (Heat Detector);
d) Fire tests for smoke detectors integral with combination door closers and holders that are covered by the Standard for Door Closers-Holders, With or Without Integral Smoke Detectors, UL 228;
f) Detectors for monitoring the smoke density within flues or stacks;