ISDN USER-NETWORK INTERFACES – REFERENCE CONFIGURATIONS
|Publication Date:||1 March 1993|
This Recommendation provides the reference configurations for ISDN user-network interfaces.
From the user's perspective, an ISDN is completely described by the attributes that can be observed at an ISDN user-network interface, including physical, electromagnetic, protocol, service, capability, maintenance, operation and performance characteristics. The key to defining, and even recognizing, an ISDN is the specification of these characteristics.
An objective of ISDN is that a small set of compatible user-network interfaces can economically support a wide range of user applications, equipment and configurations. The number of different user-network interfaces is minimized to maximize user flexibility through terminal compatibility (from one application to another, one location to another, and one service to another) and to reduce costs through economies in production of equipment and operation of both ISDN and user equipment. However, different interfaces are required for applications with widely different information rates, complexity, or other characteristics, as well as for applications in the evolutionary stages. In this way, simple applications need not to be burdened with the cost of accommodating features employed by complex applications.
Another objective is to have the same interfaces used even though there are different configurations (e.g. single terminal versus multiple terminal connections, connections to a PABX versus direct connections into the network, etc.) or different national regulations.