Safety Standard for Explosives, Propellants, and Pyrotechnics
|Publication Date:||29 January 2010|
This document prescribes the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA) safety standards/procedures
This standard applies to NASA Headquarters and NASA Centers, including Component Facilities, and to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and to other contractors to the extent specified in their contracts. Because this standard has been reviewed and approved for NASA use in accordance with 29 CFR 1960.18 as a supplemental standard to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulation 29 CFR 1910.109, therefore it takes the place of an OSHA regulation for those areas not covered by 29 CFR 1910.109.
Requirements in addition to, and that do not conflict with, those listed herein may be appropriate for inclusion in Center-specific explosives safety policies and procedures to address unique applications and situations not covered by this document. As provided for in NPR 8715.3B, it is the Explosive Safety Officer's (ESO) responsibility to assure that such additional requirements are developed and included in the Center's process.
This Standard is applicable to all NASA facilities engaged in the development, manufacturing, handling, storage, transportation (on/offsite), processing, testing, or use of explosives, or assemblies containing explosives. The standard provides procedures for operations involving explosives, propellants, and pyrotechnics and the safe management of such operations.
The design of all new explosives facilities, except those whose design phase is beyond Preliminary Design Review (PDR) or 30-percent completion at the publication of this document, shall conform to the requirements established herein and references as applicable. It is not the intent of NASA to change existing physical facilities arbitrarily to comply with these provisions, except as required by law. Existing facilities not in compliance with this document may continue to be used for the balance of their functional lives, as long as current operations present no significantly greater risk than that assumed when the facility was originally designed, and it can be demonstrated clearly that a modification to bring the facility into compliance is not feasible.
In the case of a major renovation, however, the facility shall be brought into compliance with current standards (Requirement).
This standard governs the storage or handling of energetic liquids used for and in space launch vehicles, rockets, missiles, associated static test apparatus, and ammunition items.
This standard does not govern bulk storage of hazardous gases used for standard industrial purposes (e.g., medical, welding) and non-propellant uses/systems involving liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen. For these materials and systems, follow appropriate NPD 8710.5, NASA Safety Policy for Pressure Vessels and Pressurized Systems, NASA-STD-8719.17, NASA Requirements for Ground-Based Pressure Vessels and Pressurized Systems, appropriate Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) (ASTM MNL 36, Safe Use of Oxygen and Oxygen Systems), and American National Standards Institute (ANSI) (ANSI/AIAA G-095-2004, Guide to Safety of Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems), requirements, standards, and guidance.