Wind turbines – Part 22: Conformity testing and certification
|Publication Date:||1 May 2010|
|ICS Code (Wind turbine energy systems):||27.180|
This International Standard defines rules and procedures for a certification system for wind turbines (WT) that comprises both type certification and certification of wind turbine projects installed on land or off-shore. This system specifies rules for procedures and management for carrying out conformity evaluation of WT and wind farms, with respect to specific standards and other technical requirements, relating to safety, reliability, performance, testing and interaction with electrical power networks. It provides:
- definitions of the elements in a wind turbine certification process;
- procedures for conformity evaluation in a wind turbine certification system;
- procedures for conformity surveillance;
- rules for the documentation that is to be supplied by an applicant for the conformity evaluation; and
- requirements for certification and inspection bodies and testing laboratories.
The rules and procedures are not limited to WT of any particular
size or type. However, special rules and procedures apply for small
wind turbines (SWT). Some elements of certification are mandatory,
whilst provision is specifically made for others to be optional.
For type certification, the document describes procedures relating
to conformity testing, design, manufacture, and the plans for
transportation, erection, installation and maintenance. The
procedures deal with the assessment of loads and safety, testing,
characteristics measurements and surveillance of manufacturing. For
project certification, the document describes procedures relating
to the assessment that particular wind turbines and support
The purpose of the rules and procedures is to provide a common basis for certification of wind turbines and wind turbine projects, including a basis for acceptance of operating bodies (i.e. certification bodies, inspection bodies and testing laboratories) and mutual recognition of certificates.
The rules and procedures are intended to be used in conjunction with the appropriate IEC/ISO standards and Guides, see Clause 2.