CEN - EN ISO 11204
Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Method requiring environmental corrections
|Publication Date:||1 August 2009|
|ICS Code (Noise emitted by machines and equipment):||17.140.20|
This International Standard specifies a method for measuring the emission sound pressure levels of machinery and equipment, at a work station and at other specified positions nearby, in any environment which meets certain qualification requirements.
Emission sound pressure levels are measured as A-weighted and, if required, C-weighted peak, and in frequency bands.
NOTE 1 The contents of this and related International Standards are summarized in table 1 of ISO 11200:1995.
A method is given for determining a local environmental correction (the acceptable maximum value of which is specified) to be applied to the measured sound pressure levels to exclude the effects of reflections from reflecting surfaces other than the plane on which the machinery or equipment is placed. This correction is based upon the mean sound pressure level measured at a specified position, and either and environmental indicator or the equivalent absorption area of the test room. The grade of accuracy of the measurements (engineering or survey) depends upon the value of the local environmental correction.
A work station is occupied by an operator. It may be located in open space in the room where the source operates, or in a cab fixed to the source, or in an enclosure remote from the source. One or more special fied positions may be located in the vicinity of an attended or unattended machine. Such positions are sometimes referred to as bystander positions.
This International Standard specifies requirements on the test environment. Instructions are given for the installation and operation of the machine under test and for the choice of microphone positions for the work station and for other specified positions. The purpose of the measurements is to permit comparison of the performance of different units of a given family of machinery or equipment, under defined environmental conditions and standardized mounting and operating conditions. The data obtained may also be used for the declaration and verification of emission sound pressure levels as specified in ISO 4871.
NOTE 2 At any given position in relation to a particular machine, and for given mounting and operating conditions, the emission sound pressure levels determined by the method of this International Standard will in general be lower than the directly measured sound pressure levels for the same machine in the typical workroom where it is used. This is doe to reverberation and the contributions of other machines. A method of calculating the sound pressure levels in the vicinity of a machine operating alone in a workroom is given is ISO 11690-3. Commonly observed differences are 1 dB to 5 dB, but in extreme cases the difference may be even greater.