ASCE 7-05 WIND LOADS
Wind Loads: Guide to the Wind Load Provisions of ASCE 7-05
|Publication Date:||1 January 2010|
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) publication, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, ASCE/SEI Standard 7-05, is a consensus standard. It originated in 1972 when the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) published a standard with the same title (ANSI A58.1-1972). That 1972 standard was revised ten years later, containing an innovative approach to wind loads for components and cladding (C&C) of buildings (ANSI A58.1-1982). Wind load criteria were based on the understanding of aerodynamics of wind pressures in building corners, eaves, and ridge areas, as well as the effects on pressures of area averaging.
In the mid-1980s, the ASCE assumed responsibility for the Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures Standards Committee, which establishes design loads. The document published by ASCE (ASCE 7-88) contained design load criteria for live loads, snow loads, wind loads, earthquake loads, and other environmental loads, as well as load combinations. The ASCE 7 Standards Committee has voting membership of close to 100 individuals representing all aspects of the building construction industry. The criteria for each of the environmental loads are developed by respective task committees.
The wind load criteria of ASCE 7-88 (ASCE, 1990) were essentially the same as ANSI A58.1-1982. In 1995, ASCE published ASCE 7-95. This version contained major changes in wind load criteria: the basic wind speed averaging time was changed from fastest-mile to 3-second gust. This in turn necessitated significant changes in boundary-layer profile parameters, gust effect factor, and some pressure coefficients. A Guide to the Use of the Wind Load Provisions of ASCE 7-95 (Mehta and Marshall, 1998) was published by ASCE to assist practicing professionals in the use of wind load criteria of ASCE 7-95.
In 2000, ASCE published a revision of ASCE 7-95 with updated wind load provisions. The document is termed ASCE 7-98 and has the same title (ASCE, 2000). The International Building Code (ICC, 2000) adopted the wind load criteria of ASCE 7-98 by reference. This was a major milestone since it had the potential to establish a single wind load criterion for design of all buildings and structures for the entire United States. A Guide to the Use of the Wind Load Provisions of ASCE 7-98 (Mehta and Perry, 2000) was published soon after publication of ASCE 7-98. This document was updated as Guide to the Use of the Wind Load Provisions of ASCE 7-02 (Mehta and Delahay, 2004) after publication of the revised standard ASCE 7-02.
In 2005, the new standard, ASCE 7-05, was published. This guide is designed to assist practicing professionals in the use of wind load criteria of ASCE 7-05.