Standard Terminology Relating to Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry
|Publication Date:||1 June 2010|
This terminology generally covers terms that apply to radiation measurements and dosimetry associated with energy deposition and radiation effects, or damage, in materials caused by interactions by high-energy radiation fields. The common radiation fields considered are X-rays, gamma rays, electrons, alpha particles, neutrons, and mixtures of these fields. This treatment is not intended to be exhaustive but reflects special and common terms used in technology and applications of interest to Committee E10, as for example, in areas of radiation effects on components of nuclear power reactors, radiation hardness testing of electronics, and radiation processing of materials.
This terminology uses recommended definitions and concepts of quantities, with units, for radiation measurements as contained in the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) Report 60 on "Fundamental Quantities and Units for Ionizing Radiation," December 30, 1998.2 Those terms that are defined essentially according to the terminology of ICRU Report 60 will be followed by ICRU in parentheses. It should also be noted that the units for quantities used are the latest adopted according to the International System of Units (SI) which are contained in Appendix X1 as taken from a table in ICRU Report 33.2 This terminology also uses recommended definitions of two ISO documents3, namely "International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology." (VIM, 1993) and "Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement" (GUM, 1995). Those terms that are defined essentially according to the terminology of these documents will be followed by either VIM or GUM in parentheses.
2 ICRU Report 33 has been superceded by ICRU Report 60 on "Fundamental Quantities and Units for Ionizing Radiation," December 30, 1998. Both of these documents are available from International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU), 7910 Woodmont Ave., Suite 800, Bethesda, MD 20814.
3 Available from International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 1 Rue de Varembe, Case Postale 56, CH-1211, Geneva 20, Switzerland, http://www.iso.ch.