API PUBL 931 C1
MANUAL ON DIPOSAL OF REFINERY WASTES VOLUME ON ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS Chapter 1 - Introduction
|Publication Date:||1 September 1975|
The manual consists of separate chapters dealing with the full range of refinery air emissions including those (such as light, odor, and noise) that affect human senses. Residential areas in the immediate vicinities of petroleum refineries are the prime receptors of any atmospheric fallout originating within the refinery fenceline. Therefore aesthetic responses are extremely - important for community acceptance of local industry.
Each chapter was developed to be of practical value to the environmental engineer with emphasis placed on the process design of air pollution control systems. For the sake of maintaining a tight, comprehensive presentation of each topic, informational needs over and beyond the basics have been relegated to appendixes or to a bibliography at the end of each chapter.
The manual explains how to:
1. Conduct surveys of refinery atmospheric emissions.
2. Predict ground level concentrations of contaminants.
3. Relate ground level concentrations to individual point sources.
4. Apply remedial engineering, solutions.
The manual also includes chapters on:
1. Regulations and control strategies for air quality management used by the three levels of government (Federal, state, and local), as well as other legal aspects.
2. Atmospheric dispersion and meteorological effects.
3. Smog and atmospheric chemistry.
Air pollution affects everyone to some degree. In the present period of environmental consciousness, it is important to understand such factors involved in managing air quality as meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, emission sources, legal requirements, abatement technology, and costs.
This manual attempts to provide such information in relation to the management of air quality in and around petroleum refineries. It is the outgrowth of the efforts of the API Committee on Refinery Environmental Control (CREC) and replaces the volume on "Waste Gases and Dusts" of the API Manual on Disposal of Refinery Wastes published in 1959.
Although the manual has been prepared primarily for the refinery environmental engineer or chemist responsible for air quality control at his location, it will also be of use to refinery management, design engineers, and air pollution control agencies.
The volume is not intended to be a definitive work on air pollution control equipment designs and programs, but should be used as a guide in identifying and assessing atmospheric pollution problems and evaluating corrective alternatives. It will give the reader a working knowledge of air pollution phenomena, emission source variables, and control systems. In summary, the manual is intended to provide a reasonable basis for the solution of most air pollution control problems encountered in modem oil refineries.