Stability and Compatibility Criteria for Additives and Flushing Materials Intended for Aftermarket Use in R-134a (HFC-134a) and R-1234yf (HFO-1234yf) Vehicle Air-Conditioning Systems
|Publication Date:||1 February 2011|
This SAE standard applies to any and all additives and chemical solutions intended for aftermarket use in the refrigerant circuit of vehicle air-conditioning systems with belt-driven compressors, except as noted below. This standard provides testing and acceptance criteria for determining the stability and compatibility of additives and flushing materials (solutions) with A/C system materials and components, that may be intended for use in servicing or operation of vehicle air conditioning systems.
This standard does not provide test criteria for additive,
compressor lubricant, or flushing solution effectiveness; such
testing is the responsibility of the additive and/or solution
Additives for mobile air conditioning systems are not tested under this standard for system enhancement or performance. This standard only indicates if the additive is chemically compatible with materials used in the system components.
Flushing solvents, when used, completely fill the component/system being flushed and, hence, should not harm system components at 100% concentration. They are not intended to remain in the system, either as a solvent or as an additive, but, because it is not possible to remove all of the flushing solvent, an indeterminate amount remains. The residual remaining in the system depends on many factors, including system/component configuration, component blind spots where liquid cannot be removed, the volatility of the solvent, the procedure(s) used to remove the solvent, and evacuation capability and procedure. No means exists to identify and/or specify the amount of residual solvent that either can, or will, remain in any given system after the procedure(s) have been followed. This standard does not address the flushing solvent procedure or its effectiveness at removing residual flushing agent.
The purpose of this standard is to provide testing and acceptance criteria to evaluate the stability and compatibility of chemicals, including flushing materials and additives (e.g., to enhance lubrication, durability, cooling performance, energy performance, prevent/fix leaks) intended for use in either R-134a or R-1234yf vehicle air conditioning systems using belt-driven compressors. Successful completion of all requirements contained in this specification indicates acceptable compatibility with the AC system materials, but does not suggest that the additive improves system performance in any way. R-134a systems and R-1234yf systems are different systems. Additives must be identified as applicable to the specific refrigerant and pass the requirements of this specification for that particular refrigerant before referencing SAE J2670 on the product container.