NFPA 72 HDBK

National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook

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Organization: NFPA
Publication Date: 1 January 2019
Status: active
Page Count: 1,221
scope:

Each NFPA code or standard begins with the "scope," a statement that clearly explains the extent of influence that the document has on its title's subject. In the case of NFPA 72, the scope clearly spells out the many items (application, installation, location, testing, and maintenance, among others) related to a fire alarm system, supervising station alarm system, public emergency alarm reporting system, fire and carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment, emergency communications system, and their components that are covered in the Code.

NFPA 72 covers the application, installation, location, performance, inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm systems, supervising station alarm systems, public emergency alarm reporting systems, fire and carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment, and emergency communications systems (ECS), and their components.

NFPA 72 provides the minimum installation, inspection, testing, maintenance, and performance requirements for fire alarm systems used in any application. Requirements address the application, location, and limitations of fire alarm system components, such as manual fire alarm boxes, automatic fire detectors, and notification appliances. The Code also provides the minimum requirements for fire warning equipment, which includes single- and multiple-station alarms and household signaling systems addressed in Chapter 29. New for the 2019 edition of the Code is the inclusion of carbon monoxide detection and warning equipment requirements throughout the Code. This inclusion is reflected in the scope of the document. Carbon monoxide requirements previously found in NFPA 720, Standard for the Installation of Carbon Monoxide (CO) Detection and Warning Equipment, have now been incorporated in the chapters of NFPA 72, where appropriate.

The organization of the Code facilitates the application of requirements common to both fire systems and emergency signaling systems. There is a need to present requirements for fire alarm systems clearly while addressing many other emergency signaling conditions. These occur often in conjunction with a fire alarm system, but at other times, they do not.

The organization of the Code places its content into four common groupings: administrative chapters, support chapters, system chapters, and usability annexes. Commentary Table 1.1 outlines the chapters that belong with each grouping.

The provisions of this chapter apply throughout the Code unless otherwise noted.

Chapter 1 provides a foundation from which to apply the requirements of the Code. These administrative requirements apply throughout the Code but can be modified by the special requirements set forth in the subsequent chapters. As an example, Section 1.4 indicates that the requirements are not intended to be retroactively applied.

The commentary following 1.4.1 elaborates on provisions of the Code as they specifically apply to new and existing systems. References are made in 7.1.2 for documentation and to the requirements of inspection, testing, and maintenance of systems as noted in 14.1.4.

To provide a consistent framework for users, all NFPA documents follow a standard format, which is specified in the Manual of Style for NFPA Technical Committee Documents. This format is particularly specific for the administrative requirements in Chapter 1.

For the purposes of carbon monoxide detection, this standard is primarily concerned with life safety, not property protection.

This subsection makes clear that the installation of carbon monoxide detection, which is a part of this Code, is intended to provide life safety protection for the occupants of the building and not for the protection of the actual building such as fire sprinklers could provide

Document History

NFPA 72 HDBK
January 1, 2019
National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook
Each NFPA code or standard begins with the “scope,” a statement that clearly explains the extent of influence that the document has on its title’s subject. In the case of NFPA 72, the scope clearly...
January 1, 2016
National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook
How can users of NFPA codes and standards know if they are researching the right code when attempting to answer a code-related question? Each NFPA code or standard begins with the Scope, a statement...
January 1, 2013
National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook
Preface The 2013 edition of NFPA 72®, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code, represents the culmination of over a century of signaling standards. The first signaling standard, NFPA 71-D, General...
January 1, 2010
National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code Handbook
NFPA 72 covers the application, installation, location, performance, and maintenance of fire alarm systems and their components. The provisions of this chapter apply throughout the Code unless...
January 1, 2007
National Fire Alarm Code Handbook
NFPA 72 covers the application, installation, location, performance, and maintenance of fire alarm systems and their components. The provisions of this chapter apply throughout the Code unless...
January 1, 2003
Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Voice Intelligibility for Emergency Voice/Alarm Communications Systems
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Cross-Reference Tables
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Integrating Building Systems for Greater Operational Efficiency
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Informational References
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Occupant Response to Fire Alarm Signals
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Single- and Multiple-Station Alarms and Household Fire Alarm Systems
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Public Fire Alarm Reporting Systems
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Wiring Diagrams and Guide for TEsting Fire Alarm Circuits
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Fundamentals of Fire Alarm Systems
The purpose of fire alarm systems shall be primarily to provide notification of fire alarm, supervisory, and trouble conditions; to alert the occupants; to summon aid; and to control fire safety...
January 1, 2002
Referenced Publications
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Definitions
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Sample Ordinance Adopting NFPA 72
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Examples of Filled-Out Forms
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
Chapter 10 covers minimum requirements for inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire alarm systems; single- and multiple-station smoke and heat alarms; and household fire alarm systems. More...
January 1, 2002
National Fire Alarm Code Handbook
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Administration
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Supplements
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
Performance-Based Design and Fire Alarm Systems
A description is not available for this item.
January 1, 2002
National Fire Alarm Code Handbook
NFPA 72 covers the application, installation, location, performance, and maintenance of fire alarm systems and their components. The provisions of this chapter apply throughout the Code unless...

References

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