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ASTM International - ASTM C1648-12

Standard Guide for Choosing a Method for Determining the Index of Refraction and Dispersion of Glass

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 October 2012
Status: inactive
Page Count: 15
ICS Code (Glass products): 81.040.30
significance And Use:

4.1 Measurement-The refractive index at any wavelength of a piece of homogeneous glass is a function, primarily, of its composition, and secondarily, of its state of annealing. The index of... View More

scope:

1.1 This guide identifies and describes seven test methods for measuring the index of refraction of glass, with comments relevant to their uses such that an appropriate choice of method can be made. Four additional methods are mentioned by name, and brief descriptive information is given in Annex A1. The choice of a test method will depend upon the accuracy required, the nature of the test specimen that can be provided, the instrumentation available, and (perhaps) the time required for, or the cost of, the analysis. Refractive index is a function of the wavelength of light; therefore, its measurement is made with narrow-bandwidth light. Dispersion is the physical phenomenon of the variation of refractive index with wavelength. The nature of the test-specimen refers to its size, form, and quality of finish, as described in each of the methods herein. The test methods described are mostly for the visible range of wavelengths (approximately 400 to 780μm); however, some methods can be extended to the ultraviolet and near infrared, using radiation detectors other than the human eye.

1.1.1 List of test methods included in this guide:

1.1.1.1 Becke line (method of central illumination),

1.1.1.2 Apparent depth of microscope focus (the method of the Duc de Chaulnes),

1.1.1.3 Critical Angle Refractometers (Abbe type and Pulfrich type),

1.1.1.4 Metricon2 system,

1.1.1.5 Vee-block refractometers,

1.1.1.6 Prism spectrometer, and

1.1.1.7 Specular reflectance.

1.1.2 Test methods presented by name only (see Annex A1):

1.1.2.1 Immersion refractometers,

1.1.2.2 Interferometry,

1.1.2.3 Ellipsometry, and

1.1.2.4 Method of oblique illumination.

1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.3 Warning-Refractive index liquids are used in several of the following test methods. Cleaning with organic liquid solvents also is specified. Degrees of hazard associated with the use of these materials vary with the chemical nature, volatility, and quantity used. See manufacturer's literature and general information on hazardous chemicals.

Document History

August 1, 2018
Standard Guide for Choosing a Method for Determining the Index of Refraction and Dispersion of Glass
4.1 Measurement—The refractive index at any wavelength of a piece of homogeneous glass is a function, primarily, of its composition, and secondarily, of its state of annealing. The index of a glass...
ASTM C1648-12
October 1, 2012
Standard Guide for Choosing a Method for Determining the Index of Refraction and Dispersion of Glass
4.1 Measurement—The refractive index at any wavelength of a piece of homogeneous glass is a function, primarily, of its composition, and secondarily, of its state of annealing. The index of a glass...
October 1, 2006
Standard Guide for Choosing a Method for Determining the Index of Refraction and Dispersion of Glass
1.1 This guide identifies and describes seven test methods for measuring the index of refraction of glass, with comments relevant to their uses such that an appropriate choice of method can be made....
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