UL - 2849 BULLETIN
UL Outline of Investigation for Electric Bicycles, Electrically Power Assisted Cycles (EPAC Bicycles), Electric Scooters, and Electric Motorcycles
|Publication Date:||24 August 2018|
This Standard covers electrical systems of devices designated as eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles. EBikes include both Pedalec (pedal assist) and non-Pedalec types. Electric scooters and electric motorcycles are intended for over the road use.
Electrical systems as referenced in 1.1 include onboard electrical systems (see 1.3), off board charging systems (see 1.4), and vehicle charging systems (see 1.5) of eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles.
On board electrical systems include any electrical component or system that is located on board the device. This may include motors, motor controllers, interface/controls, battery packs, charging circuitry (which may include on board chargers), and other components or systems.
Off Board Charging Systems include individual chargers for charging batteries that are removed from the device during charging, individual chargers for charging batteries that are in place on the device during charging, supply equipment for providing AC power to the device with an on board charger, or charging systems that consist of multiple charging points such as battery swap type systems or charging rack systems.
Vehicle Charging Systems include both the on board electrical system of the device and the off board charging system.
This Standard does not cover any other electrically powered device other than eBikes, electric scooters, and electric motorcycles, as defined within this document. Electrically powered scooters that are not intended for road use and are intended for personal mobility are covered under the Standard for Electrical Systems for Personal E-Mobility Devices, CAN/UL 2272
Requirements contained in 16 CFR Part 1512, Requirements for Bicycles, apply to eBikes. Verification of compliance with 16 CFR Part 1512 is outside the scope of this Standard.
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) outlined under 49 CFR Chapter V and Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (CMVSS) outlined under Consolidated Regulations of Canada, apply to electric scooters and electric motorcycles. Compliance with these FMVSS and CMVSS documents is outside the scope of this Standard.