API RP 19G11
Dynamic Simulation of Gas-lift Wells and Systems
|Publication Date:||1 October 2018|
This recommended practice (RP) provides guidance and background for the application and use of dynamic simulation of gas-lift wells and their related systems. Discussion is included for use of steady-state, "pseudo" steady-state, and dynamic numerical models. Also presented are guidelines to facilitate the application of these techniques to optimize well/system integrity, operations, life cycle design, and production. Additionally, a range of artificial lift and natural flowing systems and topics (e.g. gas well liquid loading) are addressed. The dynamic simulation recommendations (e.g. stable flow, hydrates, waxes, corrosion, liquid loading, and complex wells) can be implemented in other production systems (e.g. natural flowing wells).
This RP is also designated for managers, production technologists, reservoir engineers, facilities engineers, production engineers, well testing engineers, well analysts, operators, and researchers who want to gain a general understanding of dynamic simulation, areas of application, added values, and benefits. The contents compare transient vs steady-state techniques and provide readers with when and how each technique may be effectively applied.
Not included are technical requirements for the hardware of the dynamic simulation system, the specifics of the system calculations, the responses to the output of the dynamic simulation data output, and specifics of what actions are required after the provided data is considered.
An extensive bibliography is provided of documents for additional information on the topics included.