SYSTEMS STUDY OF OIL SPILL CLEANUP PROCEDURES VOLUME I: ANALYSIS OF OIL SPILLS AND CONTROL MATERIALS
|Publication Date:||1 February 1970|
This report summarizes the results of the Systems Study of Oil Spill Cleanup Procedures carried out by the Applied Oceanography Division of Dillingham Corporation during the last four months of 1969 under Contract OS-1 with the Subcommittee on Oil Spills Cleanup of the Committee for Air and Water Conservation of the American Petroleum Institute.
The Intent of this study, as part of the American Petroleum Institute-sponsored research and development program on oil spill cleanup, was to provide members of the petroleum Industry with an independent examination of the means currently available for controlling an oil spill along with recommendations as to the organization and procedures which appear to be most effective. This has been a "paper" study in that the evaluation of Items was based upon available information and no actual physical testing of materials or systems was carried out. The materials and systems considered In the report obviously should be field tested to further examine their apparent effectiveness. In addition, no consideration was given to possible difficulties from legal, insurance or liability standpoints concerning the use of various cleanup materials and techniques. The information included in this report Is, therefore, limited and furthermore covers only one aspect of the broad subject of oil spill control, that of apparent effectiveness of control materials and techniques for use In rough water conditions.
The results presented in this report reflect the conclusions solely of the Dillingham Corporation and are independent of any comparable Investigations which may hove been carried out by others. With respect to the oil spill control response plan presented In Volume II of this report. It is evident that a number of modified versions ore possible, and that for a given set of circumstances there may be good reasons why this particular plan may not be suitable.
This study has been directed primarily toward the problems presented by a major spill of heavy oil in open water comparable to the situation resulting from the TORREY CANYON or the OCEAN EAGLE casualties. A major oil spill was defined as a spill of 2,000 barrels (84,000 gallons) or more of a heavy or persistent oil which will not naturally evaporate or disperse rapidly In the environment. (The Federal Government's Notional Multi-Agency Oil and Hazardous Materials Pollution Contingency Plan provides for a national alert in the event of a spill of 100,000 or more gallons of heavy oil in the coastal zone.) It is recognized that spills of lesser quantities of oil may have equally major implications. Further, although control of oil spills In enclosed or inland waters has not been directly considered in the study, elements of the control approach recommended for open water should be applicable to inland waters.