Fenestration energy performance/User Guide to CSA A440.2:19, Fenestration energy performance
|Publication Date:||1 January 2019|
|ICS Code (Doors and windows):||91.060.50|
This Standard applies to
a) fenestration systems covered by AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440, including
i) vertically sliding windows;
ii) horizontally sliding windows;
iii) dual-action windows;
iv) casement windows, both fixed and operable;
v) projecting (awning/hopper) windows;
vi) fixed windows;
viii) transom windows;
ix) sliding doors;
x) side-hinged doors;
xi) dual-action side-hinged doors;
xii) architectural terrace doors;
xiii) unit skylights and roof windows;
xiv) greenhouse or garden windows; and
xv) tubular daylighting devices;
b) curtain walls; and
c) garage (vehicular access/rolling) doors.
Note: Unless otherwise specified, the term "fenestration system" is used to apply to all products listed in Clause 1.1.
This Standard specifies both measurement and calculation methods for establishing the following fenestration system properties for both residential and commercial applications:
a) overall coefficient of heat transfer (U-factor);
b) solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC); and
c) visible transmittance (VT).
This Standard also specifies measurement methods for establishing the Temperature Index (I) for fenestration systems for both residential and commercial applications.
Note: The fenestration properties established in accordance with this Standard are for specific indoor and outdoor conditions and will vary slightly under actual conditions. The values obtained by the methods specified in this Standard are considered to provide an acceptable basis for comparing performance in use.
This Standard specifies a method for determining an energy performance rating for vertical fenestration systems, under heating conditions, for use in low-rise residential applications. The Energy Rating (ER) includes factors for
a) solar heat gain;
b) heat loss by conduction, radiation, and convection; and
c) heat loss by air leakage.
The ER allows for a comparison of different fenestration systems on the basis of their effect on the energy supplied annually by the heating system. The ER calculation assumes vertical installation in low-rise residential buildings and is based on average conditions for
a) incident solar radiation on fenestration systems facing the four cardinal compass directions (north, east, south, and west); and
b) representative climate zones in Canada.
The ER should not be used to rate
a) any sloped glazing (residential or commercial); or
b) fenestration products that will be installed in commercial, industrial, or high-rise residential buildings.
CSA A440.3 is a user guide to this Standard. It provides guidance on determining
a) a specific Energy Rating (ERS) for particular locations, orientations, and vertical fenestration system sizes; and
b) an ER for residential cooling (ERC).
Annex B introduces the issue of climate change and its associated effects on fenestration in buildings. It is anticipated that fenestration designers will need to incorporate changes in climate loads resulting from climate change into fenestration product design. It is also anticipated that adjustments will need to be made to installation detailing. Annex B provides some information on these topics for consideration by building design professionals, authorities having jurisdiction, and installers. As information on climate change evolves, so too will the requirements of this Standard.
This Standard does not apply to
a) fixed glazing cast into precast concrete panels;
b) revolving doors;
c) doors intended for indoor use; and
d) storm doors.
Note: While these products have not been considered in the development of this Standard, simulation procedures given in the Standard may be used to evaluate the U-factor and the SHGC of these products.
This Standard does not address the retention of thermal and optical properties and airtightness by fenestration systems over time and under conditions of use.
In CSA Standards, "shall" is used to express a requirement, i.e., a provision that the user is obliged to satisfy in order to comply with the standard; "should" is used to express a recommendation or that which is advised but not required; and "may" is used to express an option or that which is permissible within the limits of the standard.
Notes accompanying clauses do not include requirements or alternative requirements; the purpose of a note accompanying a clause is to separate from the text explanatory or informative material.
Notes to tables and figures are considered part of the table or figure and may be written as requirements. Legends to equations and figures are considered requirements.
Annexes are designated normative (mandatory) or informative (non-mandatory) to define their application.