AASHTO R 22
Standard Practice for Decommissioning Geotechnical Exploratory Boreholes
|Publication Date:||1 January 1997|
Types of Boreholes-This standard practice addresses the permanent decommissioning (closure) of the following types of geotechnical exploratory boreholes. It is specifically intended to address the closure in situations in which hazardous material or solid wastes are determined not to be present.1 Included in the list of geotechnical exploratory boreholes are:
Boreholes progressed with temporary casing for obtaining soil, rock, and groundwater information;
Uncased boreholes progressed for obtaining soil, rock, and groundwater information using drilling mud or open-hole techniques;
Hollow-stem flight auger boreholes;
Observation wells for monitoring groundwater conditions;
Instrumentation boreholes (i.e., piezometers, Borros points, etc.);
Cone penetrometer boreholes; and
Soil characterization tests (vane shear, dilatometer, etc.).
Intent of Practice-This practice describes the overall process of decommissioning the holes and, as such, includes a systematic approach to completing the process. The typical steps entail an evaluation of the specific site characteristics and potential problems, a review of available decommissioning options including the null option if applicable, selection of an appropriate sealant, and a method of sealing. Specific requirements for the quality control and performance of the sealed borehole are addressed. Record-keeping requirements are noted.
Safety-This standard practice does not propose to address all safety concerns associated with its usage. It is the duty and responsibility of the user of this practice to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of other state regulatory limitations prior to use.
1 For guidance on decommissioning geotechnical exploratory boreholes in hazardous and contaminated sites, refer to ASTM D5299.