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ASTM International - ASTM E3213-19

Standard Practice for Part-to-Itself Examination Using Process Compensated Resonance Testing Via Swept Sine Input for Metallic and Non-Metallic Parts

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Organization: ASTM International
Publication Date: 1 May 2019
Status: active
Page Count: 9
significance And Use:

5.1 PCRT Applications and Capabilities-PCRT PTI examination has been applied successfully to a wide range of parts in manufacturing and maintenance environments. Examples of manufacturing... View More

scope:

1.1 This practice covers a general procedure for using the Process Compensated Resonance Testing (PCRT) via swept sine input method to perform Part-to-Itself (PTI) examination on populations of newly manufactured and in-service parts. PCRT detects resonance pattern differences in metallic and non-metallic parts. Practice E2534 for Defect Detection with PCRT and Practice E3081 for Outlier Screening with PCRT cover the development and application of PCRT sorting modules that inspect a part at a single point in time. These methods use the resonance frequency spectra recorded from test parts and perform different statistical analyses to compare test parts to reference populations. These comparisons include, and must compensate for, the normal geometric, material, and processing variations present in any population of parts. In many applications, however, the user may need to evaluate the effects of a single processing step or in-service load in isolation from other sources of variation. For example, a manufacturer may want to perform process monitoring and control on a heat treatment or hardening process. A maintainer may want to evaluate the effect of service cycles in an engine. A PCRT PTI examination measures the resonance frequency spectrum of a part at two points in time, such as before and after a manufacturing process step, and calculates the change in resonance frequencies to evaluate the effect of the intervening process. Control limits can be set on the frequency change to field a PTI PASS/FAIL inspection capability. The limits may be based on training populations of parts with acceptable and unacceptable levels of change, model predictions of the effects of part changes, or criteria derived from process control practices. Manufacturing processes and in-service loads that can be evaluated with a PCRT PTI inspection include, but are not limited to heat treatment, hot isostatic pressing (HIP), shot peening, induction hardening, carburization, coating, thermal history changes, residual stress changes, creep, plastic deformation, corrosion, and fatigue. This practice is intended for use with instruments capable of exciting, measuring, recording, and analyzing multiple, whole body, mechanical vibration resonance frequencies in acoustic or ultrasonic frequency ranges, or both.

1.2 Units-The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Document History

ASTM E3213-19
May 1, 2019
Standard Practice for Part-to-Itself Examination Using Process Compensated Resonance Testing Via Swept Sine Input for Metallic and Non-Metallic Parts
5.1 PCRT Applications and Capabilities—PCRT PTI examination has been applied successfully to a wide range of parts in manufacturing and maintenance environments. Examples of manufacturing processes,...
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