EEMUA PUB NO 201
Control Rooms: A guide to their specification, design, commissioning, and operation
|Publication Date:||1 July 2019|
The Engineering Equipment and Materials Users Association (EEMUA) publish a range of guidance documents to assist its members and industry as a whole. In 2002 it published EEMUA 201 "Process plant control desks utilising human-computer interfaces - Guide to design, operational and human-computer interface issues." An updated second edition was published in 2010.
This current third edition of EEMUA 201 was produced in response to changes in technology and practice across industry. As well as updating the existing content it was decided to develop the document so that it provides a more complete guide for the designing of Control Rooms to include the building, physical aspects of the Control Room, working environment, Console design, and control system graphics. Also, to cover emerging issues including devices used outside of the Control Room and security and provide a stronger focus on human factors.
The aim of the current update is to provide improved guidance to people involved in the design of Control Rooms. Also, when evaluating the design of Control Rooms, both during new-build and modification projects; and to evaluate existing Control Rooms.
EEMUA 201 is not a standard and is not intended to replace any. Designers will be expected to identify and adhere to any standards and regulations and any company and project specifications. The intention is that EEMUA 201 will provide guidance on how this can be achieved in the most effective way.
Control Rooms are the main focal point for operating most modern industrial systems including power stations, refineries, chemical plants (both batch and continuous), utility distribution centres and many other places. They provide the vital means by which the operator obtains information on the state of the plant, enters operational parameters, and by which any automatic control action can be overridden and manual control of the plant be taken. Control Rooms provide a means of communication and coordination and Control Room Operators are often required to carry out office type work including preparation of shift handover logs and reports, updating procedures, scheduling activities including maintenance and training. The Control Room or other areas within the Control Building may be designed as places of refuge on sites handling hazardous materials.
This Guide provides guidance for designing new and evaluating existing Control Rooms provided for people to operate industrial processes and activities on facilities such as chemical plant, power stations, oil refineries, etc. The objective is to help engineers and design teams to develop solutions that are consistent with the requirements of users, which will result in safer and more cost-effective operation of industrial systems. The Guide is also intended to help reduce the need for re-engineering of systems after installation.
The Guide identifies the main issues that influence the effectiveness of a Control Room in its role of supporting the operation of a wider system. It includes guidance about how an effective Control Room can be developed, including the design process to be followed. It is for use by engineers and managers in both user and contracting organisations. The objective is not only to make plants more operable, efficient and able to avoid abnormal situations, but to be able to better manage such situations should they occur.
The Guide is designed to be practical and usable. A number of strategies have been followed when writing this edition to achieve this including:
• A questionnaire was distributed covering a range of topics. 37 responses were received from active and past Control Room Operators, Control Room designers and regulators;
• A seminar was held (July 2018) where issues were discussed with 30 participants from a range of companies;
• Draft text was reviewed by a number of people working in industry.
The aim has been to provide a consensus on what is considered best practice at the time of writing. In some cases significantly different points of view have been expressed, in which cases the Guide gives advice about how to address issues where there is no single accepted solution.