ASTM International - ASTM D8279-19
Standard Test Method for Determination of Timing-Chain Wear in a Turbocharged, Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition, Four-Cylinder Engine
|Publication Date:||1 July 2019|
|ICS Code (Road vehicle systems in general):||43.040.01|
significance And Use:
5.1 This test method evaluates an automotive engine oil's lubricating efficiency in inhibiting timing-chain lengthening under operating conditions selected to accelerate timing-chain wear. Varying... View More
5.1 This test method evaluates an automotive engine oil's lubricating efficiency in inhibiting timing-chain lengthening under operating conditions selected to accelerate timing-chain wear. Varying quality reference oils of known wear performance were used in developing the operating conditions of the test procedure.
5.2 The test method can be used to screen lubricants for satisfactory lubrication of an engine timing chain and has application in gasoline, automotive, engine-oil specifications. It is expected to be used in specifications and classifications of engine lubricating oils, such as the following:
5.2.1 ILSAC GF-6.
5.2.2 Specification D4485.
5.2.3 SAE Classification J183.View Less
1.1 Undesirable timing-chain wear has been observed with gasoline, turbocharged, direct-injection (GTDI) engines in field service, and data from correlating laboratory engine tests have shown that chain wear can be affected by appropriately formulated engine lubricating. A laboratory engine test has been developed to provide a means for screening lubricating oils for that specific purpose. The laboratory engine test is 216 h in length, conducted under varying conditions, and the increase in timing-chain length determined at the end of test is the primary result. This test method is commonly known as the Sequence X, Chain Wear (CW) Test.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 Table of Contents:
|Summary of Test Method||4|
|Significance and Use||5|
|Reagents and Materials||7|
|Preparation of Apparatus||8|
|Timing-chain Preparation, Installation, and Measurement||8.20|
|Test Stand Installation||8.21|
|Electronic Throttle Controller||8.21.17|
|Pre-Test Procedure and Engine Break-In||10.1|
|Engine Start-up Procedures||10.2|
|Engine Shutdown Procedures||10.4|
|Blowby Flowrate Measurement||10.5|
|Oil Consumption Calculation||10.7|
|Special Maintenance Procedures||10.9|
|Blowby Flowrate Adjustment||10.10|
|Diagnostic Data Review||11|
|Precision and Bias||14|
|ASTM TMC Organization||Annex A1|
|ASTM TMC: Calibration Procedures||Annex A2|
|ASTM TMC: Maintenance Activities||Annex A3|
|ASTM TMC: Related Information||Annex A4|
|Engine and Stand Parts||Annex A5|
|Safety Precautions||Annex A6|
|Engine Rebuild Templates||Annex A7|
|Engine Build Records||Annex A8|
|Cylinder Head Build||A8.1|
|Cylinder Bore Measurement||A8.2|
|Bearing Journal Measurements||A8.3|
|Engine Part Photographs, Schematics and Figures||Annex A9|
|Control and Data Acquisition Requirements||Annex A10|
|Dipstick Oil Level to Charge Conversions||Annex A11|
|Sequence X Report Forms and Data Acquisition||Annex A12|
|Sources of Materials and Information||Appendix X1|
|Suggested Designs for Engine Fixing Brackets||Appendix X2|
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.