ELECTRONIC ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS
|Publication Date:||1 September 2005|
|ICS Code (Protection against crime):||13.310|
An electronic access control system is a system designed to grant to authorized persons entry to and/or exit from a controlled area and deny such entry and/or exit to nonauthorized individuals by electrical, electronic or mechanical means. The extent of control of entry/exit may include the reporting and recording of related activity.
This standard defines the minimum requirements as they apply to the construction, performance and operation of such systems and/or accessory equipment as well as recommended characteristics to meet four levels of protection with Level I (lowest level-Class I equipment) to Level IV (highest-Class IV equipment). The various means of communication between the reader, the reader interface module, the access point actuator, the access point sensor, the access control unit and the monitoring console are described within the scope of this standard.
This standard evolves from the conceptual model described as examples in Appendix A, Conceptual Model for Electronic Access Control Systems; and in Appendix B, Electronic Access Control System Classification and Selection. In addition, Appendices C to G provide a suggested collation of security related functionality performance requirements as follows:
A Appendix C, Collation of Security Related Functionality Performance Requirements: All Classes;
B Appendix D, Collation of Security Related Functionality Performance Requirements: Class I;
C Appendix E, Collation of Security Related Functionality Performance Requirements: Class II;
D Appendix F, Collation of Security Related Functionality Performance Requirements: Class III; and
E Appendix G, Collation of Security Related Functionality Performance Requirements: Class IV.
Where an access control system incorporates the features and functions of a burglar alarm control unit, the requirements of CAN/ULC-S304, Signal Receiving Centre and Premise Burglar Alarm Control Units, shall also apply.
The design of the electronic access control system shall take into consideration the requirements of the intent of the Building and Fire Codes to provide unimpeded egress in an emergency situation, without the use of special equipment.