Standard Test Method for Sonic Shear Stability of Polymer-Containing Oils
|Publication Date:||1 May 2020|
|ICS Code (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products):||75.100|
This test method covers the evaluation of the shear stability of an oil containing polymer in terms of the permanent loss in viscosity that results from irradiating a sample of the oil in a sonic oscillator. This test method can be useful in predicting the continuity of this property in an oil where no change is made in the base stock or the polymer. It is not intended that this test method serve to predict the performance of polymer-containing oils in service.
Evidence has been presented that correlation between the shear degradation results obtained by means of sonic oscillation and those obtained in mechanical devices can be poor. This is especially true in the case of automotive engines. Further evidence indicates that the sonic technique may rate different families of polymers in a different order than mechanical devices.2,3
Because of these limitations, the committee under whose jurisdiction this test method falls has developed alternative shear test methods using a diesel injector nozzle, Test Methods D5275, D6278, and D7109.While those test methods have found some utility in the evaluation of crankcase oils, the stress imparted to the sample has been found to be insufficient to shear polymers of the shear-resistant type found in aircraft hydraulic fluids.
This test method is used for polymeric additive specifications, especially in the hydraulic fluid market.
The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2 The Effects of Polymer Degradation on Flow Properties of Fluids and Lubricants, ASTM STP 382, ASTM, 1965. Available from ASTM Headquarters, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428, www.astm.org.
3 Shear Stability of Multigrade Crankcase Oil, ASTM DS 49, ASTM, 1973. Available from ASTM Headquarters, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428, www.astm.org.
*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard