ETSI - TS 123 078
Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) Phase 4; Stage 2
|Publication Date:||1 July 2020|
The present document specifies the stage 2 description for the fourth phase (see 3GPP TS 22.078 ) of the Customized Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) feature which provides the mechanisms to support services of operators which are not covered by standardized services even when roaming outside the HPLMN.
The CAMEL feature is a network feature and not a supplementary service. It is a tool to help the network operator to provide the subscribers with the operator specific services even when roaming outside the HPLMN.
In the present document, the GSM Service Control Function (gsmSCF) is treated as being part of the HPLMN. The regulatory environment in some countries may require the possibility that the gsmSCF and the HPLMN are controlled by different operators, and the gsmSCF and the HPLMN are therefore distinct entities.
The fourth phase of the CAMEL feature supports, in addition to the third phase of the CAMEL:
- Interactions with Optimal Routing;
- Call Party Handling;
- DTMF Mid call procedure for Mobile Originated and Mobile Terminating calls;
- Inclusion of flexible tone injection;
- Provision of location information of called subscriber;
- Provide location information during ongoing call;
- CAMEL control over MT SMS;
- Notification of GPRS mobility management to CSE;
- Inclusion of ODB data in Any Time Modification;
- Enhancement of Any Time Interrogation and Provide Subscriber Information for PS Domain;
- Mobile Number Portability database interrogation;
- Criteria for the provision of location information during ongoing call;
- Enhanced Dialled Services;
- Enhancement to Establish Temporary Connection;
- CAMEL control of trunk originated calls.
CAMEL applicability to IP-based multimedia services is introduced in the fourth phase of the CAMEL. It is specified in 3GPP TS 23.278 .
CAMEL is not applicable to Emergency Setup (TS 12), i.e. if an Emergency call is requested, then the gsmSSF shall not be invoked.
The mechanism described in the present document addresses especially the need for information exchange between the VPLMN or IPLMN and the HPLMN for support of operator specific services. Any user procedures for the control of operator specific services are outside the scope of the present document. Subscribers who have subscribed to operator specific services and therefore need the functional support of the CAMEL feature shall be marked in the HPLMN and VPLMN.In case a subscriber is marked to need CAMEL support, the appropriate procedures which provide the necessary information to the VPLMN or the HPLMN are invoked. It is possible for the HPLMN to instruct the VPLMN or IPLMN to interact with a gsmSCF which is controlled by the HPLMN.
The specification of operator specific services is outside the scope of the present document.